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January 10th 2012.docx

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HUMA 1780
Sharon Davidson

January 10 2012: Fairy Tales Visual Texts 1) The Golem: How He Came Into The World, Dir. Paul Wegener, 1920 2) La Belle et La Bête, Dir. John Cocteau, 1946 3) The Company of Wolves, Dir. Neil Jordan, 1984 Key Terms for This Lecture Didactic: A teaching/instructional function Socialization: socializing function Orality Linguistic Cues: Once upon a time, in the beginning etc. SECOND TERM PAPERS A comparative paper, asked to cross-reference two texts. Primarily from the second term reading. Compare a visual text with a written text. Fairy Tales  Fairy tales are subset of traditional folk tales.  Usually but not always involve young people who deal with supernatural events  Used to be a chief form of entertainment for adults, not a type of children’s literature  Presence of magic**  Conventions: set phrases or words, once upon a time, happily ever after  Mysterious pranks, adventures of supernatural spirits capable of performing enchanted feats. Example: elves, spirits, etc.  These supernatural spirits possess wisdom and the power to regulate the affairs of human beings, for good or evil  They also have the capability of changing their shape at any time (transformative powers)  Folk tales: largely passed down through oral tradition. Involve supernatural beings who have special capabilities but are not gods or goddesses.  Are often a part of rituals/celebrations  Certain fairy tales were told at certain parts of the years  Helped to encourage identification with cultural collectives, and solidify cultural identity (socializing function)  They provide guides for dealing with life experiences, they model “proper” behaviour, and they have a didactic function. Proper gender rules, proper sexuality, proper behavior on class distinctions, etc.  Exemplary tales for bad behavior, their punished according to their transgression  Element of resisting the dominant power structure  Popular fairy tales today usually come from ancient anonymous oral folk tales which were collected  Never a fixed text, always being improvised, and becoming more relevant to the audience it’s being told to  Mother goose published in 1967 Little Red Cap & Little Briar-Rose Both stories have elements of magic - Grandma & Little Red Cap freed from wolf’s stomach - Little Briar-Rose to sleep a hundred years Both have linguistic cues - Little Red Cap: Once upon a time in the beginning - Little Briar Rose: A long time ago in the beginning & they lived contented to the end of their days in the ending Socialization in both stories is apparent - Both use the term little repeatedly, making the women in these stories seem weak and fragile Little Red Cap (Page 57) - Little red cap is instructed to walk quietly and nicely - She is told by her mother how to act - Sexual metaphor present - Red as a symbol of passion, loss of virginity, etc. - Two encounters with the wolf
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