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Lecture 12

Lecture 12

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1780
Professor
Elicia Clements
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture12 Clements1 SchoolofArtsandLetters,AtkinsonFacultyofLiberalandProfessionalStudies Summer2009 AK/HUMA17806.0AStoriesinDiverseMedia ANNOUNCEMENTS Congratulationsonfinishingthefirsthalfofthecourse!Todaywebeginoursecond moduleFromMonsterstoHeroestoMonsters.IwillgiveyouuntilnextMondayto finishpostingatleast3responsesforModule1(seetheLectureSchedulefor moduledates).AfterMonday,ifyouhavenotpostedthreetimesonthematerial fromModule1thenyouhaveforfeited1/3ofyourparticipationgrade.Ifyouhave completedyour3postingsforModule1andwouldliketostartonModule2youcan dosoimmediately. AfteryouhavefinishedreadingTurnoftheScrew,youmaywanttogetaheadstart onMaryShelleysFrankenstein,whichisasubstantialnovelintermsoflength. IwillposttheassignmentsheetfortheResearchEssayonMonday. ThefinalexamdatehasbeendecidedbytheRegistrarsOffice.ItwillbeonFriday Aug.21from7pmto10pmintheRossbuildingsouth137(notonThursdayAug.20 asIhadinitiallyhoped).Pleasemakeplansnowtoattend.Thisisthefinalrequired componentofthecourse.Ifyouareoffsiteyouwillneedtoarrangeforinvigilation throughDistanceEducation.Pleaseseethefollowingpagetogetstarted.Youare responsibleforthearrangements: http://www.atkinson.yorku.ca/disted/offsiteExam/index.htm Lecture12 Clements2 TighteningtheNoose:HenryJames'sNovellaTheTurnoftheScrew Ihopeyouenjoyedthereadingfortoday.Ifyoufounditdifficulttounderstand whatwasgoingon,thenyouareontherighttrack!Inotherwords,HenryJames employsseveraltechniquestocreateuncertaintyforthereader.Althoughhistacticsare subtle(especiallyincomparisontocontemporaryhorrorandthrillerfilms),theyare effective.Sodonotworryifyourreadingexperiencewasdisconcerting.Thisisatypical experiencesojustkeepreadinguntilyougettotheend,ifyouhaventalready(make sureyou'vefinishedbeforereadingthelecturebecausetherearespoilers).Inwhat followswewilllearnhowJamesaccomplishesthesequiteremarkablenarrative techniques. Butfirst,weneedtolearnabitaboutthisparticulargenreandthereaders expectationsofit.James'snovella(whichsimplymeansitislongerthanashortstory andshorterthananovel),isyourquintessentialghoststorythattakesfulladvantageof thegothictradition.Youareprobablyquitefamiliarwiththisgenre,asitisverypopular today.JustthinkofallofthosevampirespinoffsthemostcurrentbeingTwilightnot tomentionallofthehorrorfilmsthatareproducedbyHollywoodonayearlybasis. Althoughthevampirestoryhasbeenupdated,itstilltakesfromaliteraryhistory,one thatgainsmomentuminthenineteenthcenturywithBramStokersDracula.Wellbe studyinganotherclassicgothictalenextwhenwelookatMaryShelleysFrankenstein. ButfirstwearetakingalookatJamesspsychologicalrenderingofhorrorandterror. Gothictalesactuallyhavequiteafewtriedandtestedconventionswithwhich youareundoubtedlyfamiliar,whetheryouknowitornot.Forexample,wheredoesa Lecture12 Clements3 gothicstoryusuallytakeplace?Typically,insomeremoteandsecludedlocation, traditionallyinacastleorhauntedhouse,buteventhissummerstelevisionseries HarpersIslandisacaseinpoint.Fearisinstilledbytheselectionofplacesimplybythe impliedfactthatnoone,itseems,canrescuethemaincharacters.Setting,therefore,is animportantaspectofinvokingmysteryandsuspense.Whatistheatmosphereofa gothictale?Characteristically,itischillingandmenacing.Inaword:uncomfortableor unsettling.Inthesestories,someoneispredictablyindistress,usuallyawoman.So James'stalepartakesinthistraditionofgloomyhauntedhousesorcastlesand disturbingatmosphere.SeeLectureSummarySlide2. Setinthemidnineteenthcentury,themiddleoftheVictorianperiod,Jamess storyonlyinvolvesafewcharacters:agoverness,ahousekeeper,twochildren,two ghosts,andtheabsentemployerofthegoverness.Beforewegettothestoryproper, however,anintroductorychapterframesthetaleforusbyintroducingitatapartyin anothercreepyoldhouse.Douglas,amemberatthispartyandafriendofthenarrator, enticeshislistenersbytellingthemthathehasatremendoustalehewillreadtothem intheformofaletterfromthepersonwhoexperiencedtheeventsofthestory:the governess.WithcommentsfromDouglassuchas,"Nobodybutme,tillnow,hasever heard[thestory].It'squitetoohorrible,"thislittleprologueservestowhipupthe reader'sexpectationsandsetthestage,sotospeak,forwhatistocome.Thenovella thenswitchesnarrators,fromthenameless"I"whoopensthisfirstsection,tothe governess'spointofview;shebecomesthe"I"inthetext.Likeboxeswithinboxesthe openingsectionofJamessstoryframesthegovernesssnarrative.Thereareseveral
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