HUMA 1825 Tutorial Note
- What is the difference between justice and injustice
o Knowing in the other person; the just is able to evaluate that, and to
decide what those people deserve.
o Justice is the sort of characteristic on the basis of which people are
disposed to do just things on the basis of which they act justly and
wish for just things. It’s the same way also concerning injustice – that
it is that on the basis of which people are unjust and wish for unjust
o It’s a desire for everyone to be virtuous
- Arithmetic Equality v. Proportional Reciprocity
o Arithmetic equality makes the loss and gains “same”. “The just in
transactions is a certain equality. The unjust, a certain inequality, yet
not in accord with the proportion, but in accord with an arithmetic
one. For it makes no difference at all between who robs whom.
Rather, the law looks only at the difference that stems from the hard
o Proportionate justice looks at the characters (they should suffer more
because of who they are). Analyze the characters (looking at the
actual individuals). Justice is NOT blind (according to Aristotle).
Proportionate according to merit.
If they’re given the same thing, there’s no justice. You don’t
think about what each deserves. Justice doesn’t involve
arithmetic equality; it’s proportionate equality because it
- What is the difference between voluntary and involuntary transaction?
o I mean by voluntary as has been stated earlier as well whatever is up
to a person and he performs and he has been
o Justice and injustice only pertains to voluntary or involuntary actions.
Someone can commit an injustice without being unjust.
o If a person didn’t know what they were doing, they cannot be called
- What is equity, and why is it important? How does he describe it?
o Equity is directly called decency, in the sense that its primary task is
to make that which is wrong, right. Equity was used in the correction
of the law, where if a certain law was unjust, it had to be corrected. It’s