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Lecture

HUMA2835 LECTURES FALL 2013

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Department
Humanities
Course Code
HUMA 1875
Professor
Becky Lee

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HUMA2835 LECTURES FALL 2013September 9 2013Cannot separate Christianity from politics economies cultures sciencetechnologymany intersectionsLives are impacted by Christian assumptions beliefs and historyChristianity is a sociohistorical phenomenon What are the forcesfactors shaping Christianity 67 Canadians are Christian 315 of world population Academic study of religion o Descriptive discipline o Gatheringdisseminating info o Multidisciplinary in nature o Historical documents Trends in scholarshipstudying Christianity o Feminism multiculturalismpluralism social history psychohistory ecumenism postmodernism History is interpretive its the product of human intelligenceimaginationnot always absolutely accurate or purely objectiveunbiased All historians influenced by a certain philosophy Its a product of time spaceexperience History is constantly reinterpretedrevised Exegesis read out o Critical explanationinterpretation of a text especially scripture o Avoid eisegetical interpretationreading into the texto ABCs of proper exegesisAgendaevery authoreditorcompilertranslator has agenda a reason for creating the text they have Have an audience in mind nobody in antiquity simply reports history A good exegete must always endeavor to uncover the agenda Biasthinking and writing has evident particular bias which needs to be uncovereddetermined how much of an influence it has in the creation of the text Convictionassumptionsbeliefs of writer that are evident Knowing what these convictions are helps in determining whyhow writer will create a text affirming the convictionso ModelLiteral level reading for contentwhat does it say Whats happening Characters Whats the stance of the author How is the stance supported Expository level reading for contentmeaning what does it mean How can it be read How does it communicate the contentmeaning Whats the significance Analytical reading for contentmeaningcontext what is the context What is the context in which youre reading What assumptions and questions are you asking How does context shape the textthe meaning Comparative level reading for associationimplications are there parallelsimilar versions of the text Whats similar and different WhySeptember 16 2013 BiblicalHistorical Background For Christianity Primary Text Analysiso Textspersuade audience of something In analysis need to be aware of how author is making their argumento On what grounds do one claim legitimacy o Kinds of authoritative sources How we accept info to form personal opinionsvaluesAuthoritative text oralwritten Eg Bible letter law tradition Aware of them quote them reference them and talk about them as means by which weve created an opinion about somethingAuthoritative human source writtenoralvisualname someone as a voice of authority about something you claim to accept as legitimate Consensushead count numbers dont lie Logicrational thinkingempowering source logically make argument and someone cannot logically critiquerespond Reasonable argument based on human reasonexperience everything you read goes back to these kind of argumentsAnalogyweakest of all arguments most used Concept thats difficult to figure out understand the analogy and assume something else Start to break down as more detail is added to it it only helps you wrap your mind around something Emotionpassionget others to feel what you feel use emotion and negative imagery to have negative sense of matter Manipulated emotionally Rhetoricalargues on basis of word not necessarily logical or brings in details based on words itself Try to associate something with something else enough that you think its associated with what youre trying to argueweako Methodist QuadrilateralChristian matrix for interpretationScripturequote bible Christians listen Traditionhave been doing it for a long time Reason Experienceeffective if someone has experienced it people like witnesses God in the Bible o RevelationReligious Experience 3 Western traditionsJudaismChristianityIslam3 revealed religions religion that has been revealed from divine source to the world Claim experience of divine God Interpret experience differentlyperspectivesbiasesassumptions Same core values but there is diversity of 3 basic western traditions offer diversity among own community Eg Abraham was told by divine to kill his son Isaac Abraham doesnt know its a test from God emotion set up in reader Abraham called the place the Lord will provideo Jewish PerspectiveRosh Hashanah reread storyBinding of Isaacwant to remember it that he was only binded MoriahFuture Jerusalem Temple foreshadow of where they will offer legitimate sacrifices Torahteachers Jews that God tested Abraham Whyrabbinic interpretations futile to argue with God Future bargaining chipdo it for God God may do something for the peopleo Christian perspective Sacrifice of IsaacChristians believe Moriah is where Jesus was nailed to a cross where the son of God was crucifiedsacrificed for the world this story happened at the same place under Gods vision and plan for Christians Foreshadowing when God will sacrifice his only son the death of Jesus TypologyGod knows the plan and has worked it all through history WhyChristian interpretationso Muslim perspective Annual Hajj pilgrimagereenact certain events focus on life of Abraham Feast dayId AlAdha feast of the sacrifice Ishmael offered not Isaac Moriah isnt in Jerusalem location was near Mecca Quran has reference to storysubmission father and son submitted to each other and the word of Godo Important Note on ScholarshipObserves diversity in interpretationSeeks to understand how one arrives at interpretationnever a right or wrong only different Values interpretation closest to text in timegeography Historical Christianityearliest ChristiansJews Want to understand bible as earliest Christians would understand ito The BibleJewish bible Tanak Hebrew bibleChristians call it the old testament 24 books divided into 3 main groups First 9narrative framework from creation to exilesignificant concept in Jewish history would never be Jesus or Christianity Next 4prophetic writings Final 11final additional writings some postexilic TORAH Law and NEVIM Prophets and KETUVIM writingsArrangement determined by weight of importance in terms of theologylawo TorahProphetWriting Christian bibleProtestants First 5 Pentateuch historical books poetrywisdom books prophetic books Catholics have extra booksapocryphal writings Deuternomistic History Each story follows set pattern o Sinincorrect forms of worshipo OppressionGod is angryo Crying out to Yahweh always waits until they ask o Yahweh sends deliverer Spirit of Lord isnt good spirito Prosperity Dh history written during exile popular because it tells you how to get the land back Christians on biblical inspirationDisagree on what inspired means Disagree on how to interpret textliteral or metaphor Variety in biblical literary context o Poetry vs prose storyo Historical narrative vs prophetic oracleso Practical advice vs philosophical debateo Legal material vs legendary myths
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