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Lecture

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1970
Professor
Krys Verrall
Semester
Fall

Description
While the revolutionary crisis that led to the American Revolution did not start until 1776 (still the future for us in The Game), tensions between patriot and loyalist colonists, the British parliament in England, and the British Army stationed in the colonies, ran high with frequent outbreaks of rioting and violence by the landless labourers and retaliation by the British Army and colonial governments. This had flared, ebbed and flared for the ten years between 1965 and the STAMP ACT to April 1775. Offutt describes the mob that formed in New York City in 1765 on page 51. He writes, “A mob of thousands formed on the Commons and proceeded downtown gathering women, boys, unemployed labourers and sailors, artisans, merchants and hanging effigies as they went”. Some of the most famous outbreaks of violence did not happen in New York City but in Boston, the major colonial city in the New England Colonies just to the north of New York. These include: 1770 - Boston Massacre British Army violence against a mob.(See Offutt Timeline pg 83). http://www.history.com/photos/american-revolution-events-and-battles/photo1 1773 – Boston Tea Party when Patriots hurled British tea into Boston Harbour. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Boston_Tea_Party_Currier_colored.jpg While all patriot, loyalist and moderate colonists were unhappy about the colonies’ relationship to Britain, the factions varied greatly on how to deal with it. This political cartoon titled “The able doctor, or, American swallowing the bitter draught,” published in 1774, shows this wide spread sentiment. http://www.history.org/foundation/journal/winter12/liberty_magnify/#6 Nonetheless, when the first Continental Congress formed in September 1774 in Philadelphia, a break from Britain was far from the delegates’ minds. The opening statement of the Continental Association published in October 1774 states: We his majesty's most loyal subjects, the delegates of several colonies…deputed to represent them in a continental Congress, held in the city of Philadelphia, on the 5th day of September, 1774, avowing our allegiance to his majesty, our affection and regard for our fellow-sub
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