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Worlds of Childhood - Week 7 Lecture.docx

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HUMA 1970
Krys Verrall

Chapter 3Sons and Daughters of LibertyBy Steven MintzNot all those that participated in the American Revolution were grownups children and teenagers were a part of it tooThe American Revolution had farreaching effects on childrens livesWar disrupted many families greatly increasing the number of widows singleparent households and orphansThe Revolution also ended indentured servitude weakened apprenticeships and contributed to more egalitarian relations within householdsIn the immediate postrevolutionary period childhood became the object of political discoursePrimary responsibility for instilling republican in children rested with mothers who needed more education to meet this high responsibilityoNeeded to expand system of schoolingThe American Revolution was both the product of and catalyst for farreaching shifts in ideas values and behaviouroSignificant shift involved a growing rejection of patriarchal rulePatriots and Loyalists constantly drew upon the parentchild analogyoPatriotsPatriots used the language of nurture and maturation and called upon the colonies to break free from dependence and subordinationPatriots used John Locke and Francis Hutcheson ideas and argued that parliamentary authority like a parents powers over children and that the colonists had a right to independence when they achieved maturity or if the parents abused their poweroLoyalistsLoyalists said that the colonists like children owed gratitude and loyalty to the mother country and risked severechastisement if they revoltedLoyalists argued force alone could restore respect for British authority Parents might use corporal punishment to correct a rebellious childDefenders of royal authority Thomas Hobbes or Robert Filmer compared the relationship between a king and his subjects to that between a patriarchal father and his childrenFilmer argued that monarchical authority received divine sanction from the Fifth CommandmentoChildren honour their fatheroEnglish monarchy derived its right to rule John Locke who wanted to impose limits on royal power rejected Filmers analogyoTwo Treatises on GovernmentArgued that government was a human institution that citizens had the right to modifyoTheory of Natural RightsLaws of nature endow individuals with certain inalienable rightsKings power was limited by natural law his powers were given to him as a trust for the good of the people
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