Who are the Romans and How do we know?
Who are the Romans?
Literary evidence *often from later in time even though it's the easiest to understand
Traditional time Periods
Regal Period 753-509 BCE
o Rome ruled by a series of 7 elected kings, beginning with Romulus and ending with
the Etruscan Tarquin the Proud
Republican Period 509-31 BCE
o Rome governed by elected annual magistrates
o Period of expansion of the empire throughout the Mediterranean lands
Imperial Period/Principle 31 BCE-4th Century CE
o Empire ruled by a series of Emperors, whose power is hereditary
o Period of general peace and stability around the Mediterranean
o Major source of evidence for early history of Rome
Potential source of new information
o Provides direct access to the past?
o Essentially treasure hunting
o Burials the best source of information
o Closed find: finding a site that was sealed
o Deliberately deposited