Multicultural requires us to take about immigration
85% of Canadians believes multiculturalism is part of identity
Multiculturalism- fundamental aspect of Canadian society and identity
Celebration of British linage is a belief of racial hierarchy (this means
different races of people were ranked according to skin color and white at
Racial hierarchy has social Darwinism ideas (assumed to be natural and
scientific fact and provided justification for colonial project
In Canada after confederation these ideas hold and informed gov approach to
deal with native people.
Racial hierarchy influence on immigration policies
Up until 1910 anyone could enter Canada as long as not disabled or criminal
and head tax to some people and provide you can pay that tax then u can
Canada immigration officials had 2 things in mind in 19 century when
coming up with policy 1. Key aims of national policy of 1879 to encourage
settlement of the west the idea that immigrants that Canada brought in settle
that it strengths canada claim and make sit harder for Americans to claim if
the west is to be settled by Canadians this meant a couple things (immigrants
had to be experienced farmers, by 19 century they wanted farmers people
who had experience in agriculture in extreme weather conditions 2.
Immigration officials were determined to create a harmonious society and
assumed that bets way to create this was ot create homogenous society one
in which ppl same with one another. This meant they looked for immigrants
who adopt Canadian ways of life and blend like accept customs and be loyal
to the queen.
Canadian immigration officials had clear idea of what they were looking for.
They had preference in terms of Canadian immigrants and ranked prospects
of immigrants in clear categories.
Immigration officials worked with and wanted in Canada (had to be white):
1. White brittish subjects that came from Great Britain itself, Australia, new
Zeeland, south Africa these were number one choice. 2. People from
Scandinavian and western Europe 3.southern and eastern Europe (Greece,
Italy, Portugal) 4.africans, Asians, and jews (all three of these groups people
were inassimilable were Canada could not assimilate them) Africans and
Asian made them too different to fit in. because of Jewish religion they were
at odds at Canadian norm. Basically looked for white Christians that were
loyal to British.
19 century: most of people wanted to immigrate from great Britain come
from urban context that are not suitable farmers so bad choice to be sent out
the west for this reason the immigration officials moved down to the second
tier of immigrants and that’s why Canada’s priers from Nordic Scandinavian.
this means Canada has been a nation of immigrants 1910: