KINE 3020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Hindbrain, Interneuron, Myelin

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Biological Basis of Motor Control
Skilled performances
Neuroanatomy
Motor learning
o Biological info process
o Learning info process
How it becomes a Skilled Performance?
Motor Control & Motor Learning
o Multidisciplinary
Engineering, Physiology, Education, Psychology
Motor Control & Movement
o Human Motor Control
Study of Postures & Movements
Study of the Mechanisms that underlie Postures & Movements
o Human Movement
Walk, Talk, Sing, Play sports, Play instruments, Use tools, Use Computers,
Drive Cars
Not skilled at walking (baby)
o Learning Skillful movement
Repetition, Practice
How to study the Motor System
o Physiology
understand the Physical components
Muscles, Bones, Joints, Nervous system, Cells, etc.
o Psychology
Understand the Mental functions
Conscious psychology
Unconscious psychology
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Even simple behaviors use many parts of the brain
o Visual Cortices
Seeing the ball
o Premotor Cortex
Planning
o Limbic System (Amygdala, Hypothalamus)
Motivation
Emotional state
Many Motor Control Areas involved in returning the ball
o Posterior Parietal Cortex
o Motor Cortex
o Basal Ganglia
o Hippocampus
o Brainstem nuclei
o Cerebellum
o Spinal Cord
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Topic 1: Nervous System
Human Nervous System
Cellular Components of Nervous System (2 Cell Types)
Nerve Cells = Neuron
o Principal Neurons
Sensory Neurons & Motor Neurons
o Interneurons
Connect the neurons together
Satellite Cells = Neuroglia
o Structural support
Supporting the nerve cells & circuits
o Trash collectors
o Fight off the infections
o Provide and produce the nutrients
o Everything … except for the Actual Processing
Human Brain
100 billion neurons (5 million sensory + 0.1 million motor (100,000) + Interneurons)
100 trillion connections (a neuron is connected to more than one neurons)
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