KINE 4520 Lecture Notes - Sport Psychology, Interpersonal Communication, Group Dynamics

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Published on 13 Jun 2011
York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 4520
KINE 4520 Chapter 10
Good Teams v. Great Teams
-descriptive terms: team spirit, momentum, winning attitude, team chemistry
- a cooperative or coordinated effort on the part of a group of persons acting together
as a team or in the interests of a common cause
-work done by several associates with each doing a part but all subordinating
personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole.
-a dedication to team work does not necessarily diminish individual effort and there is
more to teamwork than individual effort.
-team members (as opposed to teammates) includes coaches, and other professionals
as well, even parents.
-not all teams have the same quality of unity or teamness” (think basketball vs. golf
-individual team sports (aka coacting teams) - teams whom the cumulative
performances of individual athletes determine team success, such as swimming, gold,
-coacting teams - individual performance is a primary focus and team focus is equal or
secondary to it. But when these teams form a relay team these coacting team players
form a true team, no longer individual performers and they win or lose as a team
(doesnt matter if one individual scores 100 points if the team does not outscore the
opposing team)
-Building team cohesion can have a strong effect on individual performance even for
coacting teams.
-individual athlete behaviours, in terms of leadership, attitudes, and performance,
shape dynamics of the team.
Understand the Complexity of Teamwork
Team Development
-begins as a collections of individuals and through continuing association, a collective
identity begins to form.
-Group into team evolution - high level of task interdependence, perceived common fate,
a consensus that group goal has precedence over individual goals, shared belief that
group output is the sum of individual parts.
Paul Estabrooks -- Transforming individual athletes (and coaches) into a sports
1.Team goal setting strategies - clarification of intervention strategy, educational
seminars on value of intervention to team success, group sessions to build cohesion
and identify and discuss relationship between individual and team goals. Follow up, and
feedback process to evaluate effectiveness of intervention.
2. Interpersonal-relations approach - focus on understanding personal and team
values and how they affect team cohesion. Strive to develop effective strategies to
improve mutual respect and communication between team members. Qualitative and
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