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Lecture

May 11 Self Confidence and Efficacy 3 hour lecture. Self confidence, efficacy.


Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course Code
KINE 4520
Professor
Paul Dennis

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KINE 4520 May 11, 2011
MIDTERM TEST
-Held in this room from 12:30-2:00 pm
-M/C questions (lecture material only)
-T/F on assigned chapters (10, 1 and 5)
-Ch 10 - no questions on “leadership style and characteristics”
-If there are 80 questions, “approximately” 60 would be from lecture and 20 T/F
-2:00 p.m. groups will meet to discuss their seminar topics.
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Sean Avery - flipping the bird. Human Rights Commission video in support of Gay
marriage in the State of New York.
-Leaders with emotional intelligence drive our emotions. (emotions are contagious).
Understand the impact the coaches emotions (e.g. a fight at home) can impact the
teams emotions.
-p.5 in text According to cognitive psychologist, movtivaton is a decision; it’s up to the
athletes.
-Need to achieve v. Avoid failure
If we have a high need to achieve and low fear of failure than love competition,
esp. when the outcome is uncertain. Persistent, self-motivated and take risks.
If have high need to achieve and high fear of failure than enjoy competition but
failure causes self doubt. worry about failing and may lead to poor sportspersonship. (bc
athletes in this category tries really hard to avoid failure so poor sportspersonship)
Low need to achieve and low fear of failure than indifferent to competition and
wonder why people make such a big deal about winning and losing.
Low need to achieve and high fear of failure than avoid competition if possible.
May chose to compete against someone they know they can beat (e.g. younger sibling).
(There is a high school in Toronto (ONTARIO?) that does not allow sports competition in
school including recess because believe to much emphasis on winning.
Sagar (2009) Fear of Failure Study
-Effect of fear of failure on children ages 14-17.
-Well being
-interpersonal behaviour
-sport performance
-school work
These children have a need to practice so they don’t fail and as a result they are not as
helathy, have trouble intereacting with people, will not achieve the goals they set for

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KINE 4520 May 11, 2011
themselves and their school work suffers. Perhaps because parents only gave attention
when won. ON TEST
Needs of Athletes (Martens, 1987) (prof also believe we all have these needs
1. The need to experience stimulation and challenge
2. The need to be accepted and belong to a group
3. The need to gain and demonstrate competence to feel worthy
-Howard Stern e.g, motivated to succeed without nurturing from parent.
-Intrinsic motivation -- for internal reasons. Athletes who are motivated intrinsically lose
some of their enthusiasm when extrinsic incentives are added
-Extrinsic motivation -- getting money or medals.
-Research in sport psychology has overwhelmingly supported motivation in the form of
commitment and self-control as the biggest psychological predictor of elite status in
sport (Orlick & Partington 1988; Williams & Krane 2001)
-Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are changeable? Can use strategies to motivate them
but ultimately its their responsibility (e.g. Jackie Joyner-Kersee v. Kyle Wellwood)
-Motivation is the fuel used to ignite behaviour, expend greater effort and persist despite
setbacks (Vealey 2005 -- very good at applied psychology)
-Behaviours most typically associated with motivation are: Choice, effort, and
persistence e.g. Lance Armstrong and Terry Fox show persistence
-2001 Dominators Issue
Michael Jordan, Wayned Gretsky, Joe Motant, etc.
-Persistent preparation and quality of practice were the definin characteristics of
dominating performers.
-If not motivated intrinsically hard to give it your all in practice?
Self-Efficacy
-Athletes with higher self-efficacy tend to try harder., persist longer, choose greated
challenges, feel less anxious (p. 8)
Task and Ego Goal Orientation
Task - take pride in relative improvement
Ego - demonstrate superiority over others
“Since the world we live in demands social comparison, the solution is to develop both
task and ego orientations” -- so perhaps unreasonable to say not to compare your self to
other athletes.
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