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York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 1000
Hernan Humana

KINE 1000 FALL TERM Sporting Spaces and Health Effects Space, Place, and Identity ­ What is space? ­ Sociology of space:  Natural space – air over dirt  Social space – when people start using natural spaces  Place – when users gain control of social space  Natural space turns into social space which turns into place (Gieryn 2000) ­ Space has causality (cause and effect) Space and Causality ­ Because these social spaces have meanings, people are told to use these spaces in specific ways, people are kept out of spaces or feel comfortable going into those spaces (there’s that sense of causality) ­ We start to identify certain spaces and how people start to behave in certain spaces  I.e., the picture of the ark bench, have gaps on them to prevent skateboarders from using the bench (spaces are modified to enforce rules)  Behavior is conditioned depending on how these spaces are organized ­ We can exert power over spaces – “no that is my space!” Built Environment – What is it?  Buildings ­ Homes ­ Schools  Spaces ­ Paths, roads, trails, sidewalks  Transportation systems Space and Health – What is the connection?  Patterns of access to or pathways for… ­ Land use – parks for people to exercise ­ Transportation – roads for people to drive and get from place to place on ­ The built environment and whether it is safe or not affect people’s health – whether or not it is safe to walk on the roads and sidewalks without any accidents, whether they can have a healthy active life by having parks and hills to jog on Land Use and Environment  Transportation ­ Are there sidewalks? Do they promote pedestrianism? Are they safe? ­ Are streets connected?  Distribution of public recreational spaces in Toronto ­ Well distributed  Time to public recreational spaces in Toronto (walking) ­ Most areas took around 20 minutes to get to these activity spaces ­ Some places take as long as 40 minutes Neighborhoods and Diabetes  High diabetes rates associated with longer transportation time to recreational spaces  Low diabetes time and shorter transportation time to recreational spaces  High diabetes ate but short transportation to recreational spaces  Low diabetes and longer transportation time  Diabetes is so complex, it is difficult to show that it is directly correlated with transportation Health promoting built environment – ideas  Urban planning (grid vs. courts)  Accessible public transit  Integrated bike lanes  Walkability  The PATH  Outdoor
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