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Guest Lecture - Mental Illness

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Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 1020
Jennifer Kuk

Wednesday, October 2 , 2013. Mental Illness Defining Mental Illness • deviation from social norms or from “normal behaviour” • personal distress • disability or dysfunction • lose touch with reality DSM Definition of a Mental Disorder • “In the DSM-IV each of the mental disorders is conceptualized as “a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress or disability or with significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability or an important loss of freedom”. It cannot be associated with an expectable response to a particular event. It must be considered a manifestation of behavioral, psychological, or biological dysfunction. Diagnosis • The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the primary diagnostic tool used by medical practitioners • An individual must meet specific criteria to receive a diagnosis (i.e. meets 4 of 7 diagnostic criteria) o Creates a common language o Labels people o Culturally validated o What is normal? We all experience some degree of mental health issues How Common is Mental Illness? Some of the facts: • In any given year, one in five people in Canada experiences a mental health problem or illness, with a total cost to the economy of well in excess of $50 billion • Only one in three people who experience a mental health problem or illness — and as few as one in four children or youth — report that they have sought and received services and treatment • Young people age 15 to 24 are more likely to experience mental illness and/or substance use disorders than other age groups • It is estimated that 10-20% of Canadian youth are affected by a mental illness or disorder – the single most disabling group of disorders worldwide. • In Canada, mental illness is the second leading cause of human disability and premature death Schizophrenia • literally means “split mind” • often confused with Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly named Multiple Personality Disorder) • split mind in schizophrenia means a split from reality • symptoms can be grouped into positive and negative • negative symptoms involve loss of function • positive symptoms involve an addition of something •
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