Lecture #3- January 15 2013
-own personal experience, the way your body moves in space.
-experience of being discriminated against
-relate to history (gender experience)
19 Century Pre-and Post- Confederation Canadian History
Traditional Aboriginal Games (1800’s)
-from the outside looking in to see what the aboriginals were doing during their games
-aboriginals are an oral culture
Athapaskan, Dene, and Inuit People
-regular travel for resources
-lifestyle required strength and fitness
-physical activity was part of their lifestyle
-wrestling (male), races, chase (hide and seek)/pain (cheek pull, bloody knuckles) /gambling
games to celebrate, demonstrate, and develop life skills
-don’t need a lot of equipment for their games. Their focus was on survival. They would only
accumulate things that helped them survive, such as tools. They weren’t interested in collecting
things for games. Resources went to shelter, clothing. They didn’t waste their resources on fun,
such as games.
Altered by settlement, conquest, removal to reserves, and forced assimilation through
residential schools (in school they were prevented from doing their traditional activities and
required to do European activities)
-their entire lifestyle changed.
Cultures fragmented- sports and games were fragmented
Upper and Lower Canada
-most of the entire textbook is talking about a small area of Canada with regards to the aboriginals
-the history of sport took place in Upper Canada (Quebec) and Lower Canada (Ontario) because the
English in upper Canada and the French in lower Canada had interactions with the aboriginals
Discussion Question: (Exam)
1) How were aboriginal physical achievements gendered?
2) What is the purpose of objects for “symbolic symbiosis”? (pg. 10)
3) Describe the following games: Shinny, Caribou chase, moose-skin ball and explain the
significance to aboriginal gender ***TEST! Gender Aboriginal Games
-Aboriginal women were not prevented from sport as though Victorian women were in the same era
-womens activies in competitions (String games, bloody knuckles) there were no rules or rule books
saying that women couldn’t play.
-women as well as men would move from place to place. Women had to lift and carry and pulled
the camp from location to location. The gender physical activity for women would prepare young
women to play moos