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Lecture #6.docx

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Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 3430
Janelle Joseph

Lecture #6- th Late 19 Century  Ongoing assumption in Canada that racial minorities have recently arrived “the respectable classes established and refined their own perception of the proper social order. This perception included loyalty to Britain, Canadian patriotism, and a (City) booster mentality)” Urban Social conditions -the government was trying to figure out what to do with people that were living in poor conditions within the cities. They were living in broken homes, no plumbing -living conditions for upper class families had more space, bigger homes, more curb appeal. Growth and Social Institutions -medical doctors and temperance unions campaigned for much needed reforms to extend social justice -temperance movement had to do with alcohol -physical activity was key in the reform of the lower class to improve their health -Dr. Amelia Yeomans implemented physical activity as a cure to help the poor with chronic illnesses What does this mean for the history of sport and physical activity?  ** Test! ** Railway and telegraph: transportation and communication technologies that enable the dissemination of modern sport. For the telegraph people were listening live without people being there physically. The railway would transport spectators, and allowed to expand competition distances  Rhythms of “industrial time”(more structured shifts for the day, and having to meet quotas for the day. It allowed them to say that they were playing “6pm after work”. It allowed for work time and social time) and scarcity of urban space created the conditions for the codification of modern sport  Desire o create a sense of “nation”: lacrosse  National patronage of sport: Lord Stanley (the NHL stanley cup named after him) he promoted the sport and presented the cup as a prize  Concentration of economic power in Montreal and Toronto: the two cities that (1) have a idle class who imbue an amateur ideology in Canadian sport; and (2) vie for control of it  Conditions of urban life: -public health initiatives that include sport and physical activity -social reform institutions interested in “benefits” of sport -inclusion and exclusion of certain groups. Excluded groups=class, race, gender (below middle class, and gender, race. People included were elites and middle class) The Context In the 19 century, the world-wide transformation to industrial capitalism, included: -rapid industrialization -rapid urbanization -global migration and immigration -new forms of communication -new approaches to social organization, work, leisure, etc. -transformation of gender relations Montreal: The Cradle of Canadian Sport Anglophones (English speaking people in Britain in Montreal) responsible for development and th spread of organized sport in late 19 century. --------*** look online for important names to know for the test on the slides The Making of Canadian Sports  Not only the codification of rules but..  The widespread acceptance of those rules, making ‘a particular way of playing into the way of playing’ (Gruneau and Whitson)  For example: -baseball: New York Rules, 1845 Montreal: The most influential
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