March 1 Nutrition Lecture
Which of the following is true about B Vitamins?
Ans: Option C and Option D are correct.
WATER AND MAJOR MINERALS
Absence of water nothing can be done in the body
Water is main component of the body
Lint tissue is 75% water,
Women have less water content as compared to men.
Age People have less lint tissue, water content also decreases
Obese Individuals have water content due to muscle
To get rid of waste products,
Waste product of nitrogen metabolism is Urea (need a lot of water to get rid of urea)
Two glucose molecules combiing together to form glycogen that happens with water.
(water is produced as the rxn takes place)
-Amniotic fluid baby is suspended during pregnancy.
-Temperature regulation when its hot outside, body brings more blood to the surface of
the skin so that heat can be reduced.
-Blood volume regulates blood pressure
How do fat soluble (hydrophobic) substances get transported in blood?
Ans: Lipoproteins help move them around OR in terms of short chain fatty acid, they
bind to plasma proteins like albumin.
Fluids in the body
Intracellular fluid inside the cell Extra cellular fluid outside the cell
-Divided into 2 groups (i)Interstitial (ii)Plasma (Intravascular space)
(Spaces between adjacent cells refer to as INTRACELLUAR or interstitial space)
Water Intake just know that when you loose water problems can aries don’t
memorize each percentage.
Water intoxication excessive water (very rare)Hyponatremia
Why do kidneys need to loose so much water?
You need to get rid of waste products.(e,g urea)
Insensible water loss amount of water lost through skin, lungs etc. as you don’t feel
Coffe and alcohol can have diuretic effect.
A diuretic is any substance that promotes the production of urine.
Water is divided into 2 classes: determined by how much calcium , magnesium
Hard Water leaves residues, water with high calcium & Mg. Beneficial for
hypertension & heart disease
Intake of potassium and calcium is related to hypertension
Southern Ontario 8.4
Grains per gallon means how hard water is. The higher the number , it determines how
hard water is.
-Water with high sodium and p