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Chapter 10: Teamwork (Detailed Summary)

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York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 4520
Paul Dennis

KINE 4520 Chapter 10 Good Teams v. Great Teams -descriptive terms: team spirit, momentum, winning attitude, team chemistry - “a cooperative or coordinated effort on the part of a group of persons acting together as a team or in the interests of a common cause” - “work done by several associates with each doing a part but all subordinating personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole.” - a dedication to team work does not necessarily diminish individual effort and there is more to teamwork than individual effort. - team members (as opposed to teammates) includes coaches, and other professionals as well, even parents. - not all teams have the same quality of unity or “teamness” (think basketball vs. golf team) - individual team sports (aka coacting teams) - teams whom the cumulative performances of individual athletes determine team success, such as swimming, gold, skiing. - coacting teams - individual performance is a primary focus and team focus is equal or secondary to it. But when these teams form a relay team these coacting team players form a true team, no longer individual performers and they win or lose as a team (doesn’t matter if one individual scores 100 points if the team does not outscore the opposing team) - Building team cohesion can have a strong effect on individual performance even for coacting teams. - individual athlete behaviours, in terms of leadership, attitudes, and performance, shape dynamics of the team. Understand the Complexity of Teamwork Team Development -begins as a collections of individuals and through continuing association, a collective identity begins to form. -Group into team evolution - high level of task interdependence, perceived common fate, a consensus that group goal has precedence over individual goals, shared belief that group output is the sum of individual parts. Paul Estabrooks -- Transforming individual athletes (and coaches) into a sports team 1. Team goal setting strategies - clarification of intervention strategy, educational seminars on value of intervention to team success, group sessions to build cohesion and identify and discuss relationship between individual and team goals. Follow up, and feedback process to evaluate effectiveness of intervention. 2. Interpersonal-relations approach - focus on understanding personal and team values and how they affect team cohesion. Strive to develop effective strategies to improve mutual respect and communication between team members. Qualitative and KINE 4520 Chapter 10 quantitative assessments are used to identify attributes such as independence, loyalty, and responsibility as they relate to team performance. - E.g. have athletes and coaches identify and describe personal goals, discuss how team success will be determined and how it relates to team values, brainstorm team’s strengths and challenges. - should have team session that focus on goal setting and clarification of values! - also because group dynamics important part of team-building also spend time on stress management, interpersonal communication, and role-interpersonal conflict resolution. - indirect consultation - coach leads the team-development activities (using techniques learned from sport psychologist) - direct consultation - sport psychologist leads specific intervention activities. - resources and time determine whether coach or psychologist facilitates interventions. - if major conflict between coaching staff and players than better for sport consultant to lead sessions Team Goals -goal setting important for individual and team and coaches must involve all team members in clarifying the explicit and implicit goals and help the team reach maximum (though usually not complete) consensus. -in youth teams parents are important for coach to consider and can counter pushy parents by meeting with parents to clarify goals and enlisting suppor of other parents (who have goals such as skill development, fun and learning teamwork). - “pushy parent” phenomenon - parents motivations and goals override child’s interests and expectations in sport. - studies show strong support for team studies in the area of setting general goals and goal collectivity (group goals) but weak support for goal proximity (not a lot of studies in this area). - Teams are made up of individuals - balancing individual development with team cohesiveness can be a challenge. Team Cohesiveness -starting point to create cohesiveness - clarify and build consensus for team vision, the vision is created through team discussions. -Cohesion: “a dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its instrumental objective of for the satisfaction of member affective needs.” In summary, the team gets the job done and members feel supported and appreciated for the
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