LING 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Linguistic Description, Linguistic System, Word Formation

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Language a representational system of symbols used to express meaning or thought. No languages begin life as written (languages exist that have no written form only spoken) Sign language uses symbols of body movement and symbols to communicate. Characteristic features of language arbitrary sound meaning relationship creative/productive system governed by systematic principles/contraints/rules variable acros gorups of speakers and subject to change over time the cat chased the rat cat the chased rat the. *incorrect placement of the determiner can make the sentence ungrammatical. Goal of linguistics to describe and explain a speakers knowledge of language. Linguistic grammar formal statement of the systematic principles, rules and constraints that characterize a native linguistic competence. Components of linguistic grammar rules/contraints governing pronounciation (phonetics/phonology) governing word formation (morphology) governing sentence structure (syntax) governing the interpretation of words and sentences (semantics) spit vs pit aspiration.

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