-Hasty conclusion: when an arguments does not have enough proof to support its claim.
-Hasty Generalization: when the argument claim is based on an unreliable sample.
-Anecdotal evidence: sample size= arguer
-Appeal to ignorance: an argument that supports its claim by stating that the claim has not been proven
-Slippery slope: argument that states that a small first step leads to a chain of related events concluding in
some significant effect.
-Analogy: when objects A and B do not explicitly share property P.
-Two wrongs reasoning: X (bad action) is justified by a worse action Y.
-Two wrongs reasoning by analogy scheme: X should be allowed since Y is allowed and X&Y are similar.