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Lecture 4

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Modes Of Reasoning
MODR 1760
Hilary Davis

9/29/2011 11:18:00 AM Fallacies Continued:  Faulty Analogy o Compare something unknown to something known o Useful in an argument when things being compared are similar o Analogies can be in explanations and are not indicative of an argument  TEST:  Identify 2 elements being compared  Identify relevant dissimilarities (2 or 3)  Explain how those dissimilarities effect the conclusion  Example: A nuclear-power plant is infinitely safer than eating, because 300 people choke to death on food a year. o Dangers of nuclear power plant vs. dangers of eating  Nuclear power can effect an extreme amount of people, while eating can effect one person  You can reverse choking, but for nuclear power dangers you cannot
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