MODR 1770B Note 13
- For Article Analysis:
o Groups E/F/G/H will go on Wed. March 6 th
o Groups A/B/C/D will go on Wed. March 13
- There’s a Midterm (Open Book) Wed. March the 20 . This isn’t a
memorization test, but as long as we have the skills we will be fine
- The final Article Analysis is due Sunday March 31 . We will submit it to
- This is where you bring back the skills from argument and argumentation,
conceptual analysis and determine how an author uses/defines a concept,
and whether they have embedded assumptions and whether they’re
- We evaluate deductive/inductive arguments, and look for hidden premises
and fallacies in arguments
- We are not taking a position, instead we’re critical thinkers evaluating the
authors position (remain neutral position)
o We should be in a position to publish after this.
- Step 6:
o Keeping our own analysis in mind, examine the authors use of these
1) Are they clearly defined?
2) Are they used in a sense that it too narrow or too wide?
3) Are they used consistently or do they shift in meaning
throughout the passage Fallacy of equivocation
4) Positive feedbacks on two of their strongest concepts
- Step 7:
o 2) Does the argument violate any of the criteria for the good argument
(Reasonability, Sufficiency, Acceptability)
o Are there any clear or serious fallacies
o Can some of the arguments be made stronger? Write at least one
argument that can be made stronger while positively criticizing it
- When confronted with a passage, first read it through before any kind of
o Once you read the passage, separate the paragraph.
- This example: Most Americans take a middle-position.
o He’s taking a huge assumption that most Americans take this position
However, he hasn’t taken the middle position.
- IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO GET THE CONCLUSION, IF NOT, EVERYTHING
- Step 1: o Master Conclusion: discrimination is not the same as personal
distaste (Paragraph 1)
Every time you do analysis always source where you get your
- Step 2: When looking at the passage, you can find many concepts – however,
you only select those that evoke the conclusion
o Paragraph 1:
Discrimination, personal distaste, homosexuality, prejudice
o Paragraph 2:
Sinful, repulsive, moral vacuity, middle position.
o Make up a list of concept that you evaluate in step 6
This is the preparation for it:
o Discrimination Paragraph 1, Personal Distaste P.1, … Middle Position
- Step 3:
o So far, one person can do step one and two
o Formulate the main conceptual question that this can be asked
This is our ability to ask and construct conceptual questions
Construct three questions with two of the concepts
from step 2.
Make sure that all the conceptual questions lead to the
answer being the author’s conclusion
Is discrimination the same as personal distaste?
Is the middle position prejudicial?
Is personal distaste the same as the middle position?
- Step 4:
o Select 3 premises that best bear on the conclusion that the author is
Premise 1 Par1
Premise 2 Par1
Premise 3 Par2
Get a hidden premise – what is assumed but not stated in the
passage. State where it comes from.
He assumes that homosexuality is a choice – just like
o He’s using them as equivalent terms
o This is an argument, therefore it must look like an argument
o You must bring back our step one – and put it at the bottom of the
premises, so it looks like an argument. DO NOT FORGET TO PUT THE
- The point of step 5 is to select one of the questions and do the brief
conceptual analysis of doing it.
THIS STEP IS DELETED. - We have to create a preliminary chart (step we have to do before step 6)
o You make up a chart to find synonyms and associations as to how the
author uses the two synonyms between the concepts