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MODR 1770B Note 14.docx

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Modes Of Reasoning
MODR 1770
Jai Chetram

MODR 1770B Note 14 Grading Criteria Steps 1-3 = 5 marks - Make sure to get the master conclusion in the argument that everything else follows from o We will have many mini-conclusions that turn into premises Step 4 = 5 marks Step 6 = 30 marks Step 7 = 30 marks 3-page write-up = 15 marks - The hand out provides us with the requirements for the final assignments Presentation Requirements: - For step 2 come up with 8 concepts for our presentation - For step 3 there must be two conceptual questions o If you bomb one, you will still get partial marks for the second one. o We can do about five, but make sure that we get at least one correct - For step 4: o 3 premises, a hidden premise, and a major conclusion in argument order  Select 3 strongest premises from the entire article that the author provides for their master conclusion  Indicate where they come from (paragraph wise) - For step 6: o For our presentation do two concepts for question one o Question 2 requires one concept o Question 3 requires two concepts o Question 4 requires one concept - For Step 7: o Question one: our articles has sections made up of paragraphs – there may be 4-5 paragraphs  Select one section, and break it down into premise one, two, three, four, hidden premise, and conceptually problematic question, and a minor conclusion. o Question two: does the argument violate any criteria of a good argument.  This is Relevancy, Sufficiency and Acceptability.  Apply this to a paragraph or passage o Question three: are there any clear or serious fallacies: identify one fallacy o Question four: can any arguments be made stronger? Select one argument - These requirements for both presentation and assignment are related to our final midterm requirements. Flagging and Pre-reading techniques - How do you find a conclusion in a 25-100-page article? It’s not easy to find the master conclusion - The point is to get the main points and get rid of excess verbiage - Step 1: o When we’re given an article, the first thing we do is to read through the article without annotating or marking it up. Do not annotate before you know exactly what the article is about. o Each paragraph has an argument and a minor conclusion - Step 2: o Draw a line separating each paragraph of the article - Step 3: o Number each paragraph o We want to number each paragraph because they each have a meaningful conclusion and a number of premises - Step 4: o Underline or highlight the main points of each paragraph - Step 5: o Retype each of the main points that you underlined in step 4 above into a Word document. Number the points from each paragraph on the Word document. This document is Summary of article o Create a word document, and type out each of the main points and number them in order to keep track  This condenses the argument to 3-4 pages and makes the article easier to analyze for step 6-7 - Step 6: o Make a list of the main or central concepts  Do this to check whether equivocation is an issue of not using terms the same way  Therefore, list EVERYWHERE where that concept is used. - Step 7: o Highlight, circle or underline any words that you do not know the meaning of. Look these words up in the dictionary. Write the definition in the margin of the article. Re-type these words as a list at the end of our Word document  List all the unknown words that we do not understand  Give the dictionary definition of the words. - Step 8: o If the author of the article has not already separated his or her article into sections and given these section titles, then you must now break the article into sections and sub-sections o Finally, once you have everything done and typed down, we must separate the main points into sections.  E.g. Se
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