Lecture 6 (continue)
Appeal to Tradition - arguing that a claim must be true just because it's part of a tradition
Appeal to Ignorance - arguing that a lack of evidence proves something
In one type of this fallacy, the problem arises by thinking that a claim must be
true because it hasn't been shown to be false
Sometimes is a sound inductive argument
Burden of Proof - the weight of evidence of argument required by one side in a debate
or disagreement. Usually rests on the side that makes positive claim - an assertion that
something exists or is case, rather than that something does not exist or is not the case.
Appeal to Emotion - the use of emotions as premises in an argument
Consists of trying to persuade someone of a conclusion solely (or primarily) by
arousing his or her feelings, rather than presenting relevant reasons.
Red Herring - the deliberate raising of an irrelevant issue during an argument
e.g. appeals to popularity, tradition, and emotion
Straw Man - distorting, weakening, or oversimplifying someone's position so that