MODR 1770B Note 2
- Opinion is not an argument, it becomes an argument when you back it up
with reason, premise and evidence
- Fallacy of the slippery slope: take a cause, and say that this cause is to result
in other undesirable things to happen (gay marriage).
- An argument is cogent if it fulfills three criteria:
- Appeal to tradition:
- Claim = Premise, Reason, Evidence
- Descriptions are not arguments: it’s just explaining a state of affair.
Commands aren’t arguments. Assertions aren’t arguments. Questions aren’t
- Arguments and Argumentation pg.39-40 cue words. (Print for test)
- Mapping an Argument:
o P1. Marijuana is a harmful substance
o P2. Once we allow it, our kids will find ways to get their hands on it
and we’ll corrupt an entire generation
o C: We shouldn’t legalize marijuana
- Extended argument: you have a chain or reasons going on: a causes b, b
causes c, c causes d, etc.
- Truth: has to be in accordance with facts.
- Validity (argument) Value of deductive reasoning. (how we infer the
correction from the premises). Invalidity: when we have a conclusion that
doesn’t follow from