MODR1770B Note 7
Fallacy of False/Weak Analogy:
- When an arguer overlooks key evidence, distorting and evading the facts.
- Observation is key; if the fallacy is a faulty analogy, and the analogy has to be
- In Step 6 of the test, you make a table outlining the similarities and
dissimilarities between the two things.
- You take two events, and you assume there is a necessary connection
between the two. (Causal relationship between the two)
- If event A happened before event B, event A is responsible.
- Always only two events
- Takes a cause, “we should let faggots marry”, because of “x” we have a chain
of events, one of the chain eventually gets broke, because of that all of these
undesirable events happen
- The broken chain is the most “lethal” of the causes. Gay marriage
- A number of events will follow.
The six steps of the test
1. Isolate the conclusion
2. Identify the premises
3. Name the Fallacy
4. Define the criteria
5. Show which of the premises this fallacy occurred
6. Challenge the fallacy, explain how it happened,
- and Explain what is wrong using the pattern of reasoning.
- Explain how the fallacy violates any of the three criteria for good reasoning
Fallacies of Presumption violate the sufficiency criterion of a good argument
Fallacies of Ambiguity violate the acceptability criterion of a good argument
Fallacy of Irrelevance violates the relevancy criterion of a good argument
Straw man, red herring, amphiboly and irrelevant thesis are deleted.
WEEK 3 LECTURE HAS THE DEFINITIONS FOR EACH OF THE CRITERION.
1. Marriage does not hold out much hope for very much excitement or
2. P1: If you only eat one kind of food it would become boring
P2: If you only listen to one kind of music it will become boring
P3: If you have only sleep with one person, that is also boring.
3. There is the Fallacy of False Analogy
4. The definition of False Analogy is reaching a conclusion by likening or
comparing two significantly incomparable cases.
5. The fallacy is present within P1, P2 and P3. 6. This fallacy is a fallacy of presumption, which violates the sufficiency
criterion of a good argument. This fallacy is committed by comparing two
things, which have no observable similarities. Here is the Table of Similarities
- Food and Music are like sex in - Food involves the process of
the sense that people have a eating
certain taste for specific kind - Music involves the process of
of music/food/sex listening
- This is something that people - Sexual relations involves the
get tired of quickly process of two people who
like each other very much,
having a physical connection.
- Sexual relationships (in
regards to marriage) are also
done when two individuals
have a spiritual and emotional
connection, that isn’t present
in one’s relationship with
food or music.
1. We can’t allow terminal patients to die without doing everything to save