CMUS 506: Music Terminology(1)
Polyphony: music that is composed of 2 or more voice parts, each
having individual melodic significance.
Monophony: music consisting of a single melodic line, without
additional parts or chordal accompaniment.
Homophony : music consisting of a single melodic line supported by
Heterophony: a primitive type of polyphony in which 2 or more
performers produce essentially the same melody with slight
modifications in one part, mainly that of omission or addition of some
Pitch: a term referring to the high-low quality of a musical sound.
Timbre/Tone colour: the peculiar quality of a tone as sounded by a
given instrument or voice. It indicates the difference between 2 tones
of the same pitch, duration and intensity if performed on, eg. A violin
and a flute.
Scale: A succession of notes, normally either a whole tone or a half
tone apart, arranged in ascending or descending order.
Pentatonic scale : A scale consisting of 5 different tones.
Tone: the basic building material of music. It has 4 distinct properties:
pitch, duration, intensity, and timbre.