ASCAP: American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Founded in 1914, this
association collected royalty payments from businesses that use music publicly. (45)
Bar: a small grouping of beats. AKA a “measure”
Bass: the lowest notes of a composition, or the instruments that play them in an
“Freak” Dances: choreographed dances to ragtime music. Often named after animals
and associated with supposed black dance styles. Eg) the Grizzly Bear
Front Line: a small group of instruments that play the melody and countermelody lines
in an ensemble. Often includes wind and brass instruments like trumpet, clarinet, and
Jazz Singer (the): the first movie to incorporate sound. Stars Al Jolson, a white
vaudeville performer. Jolson’s character is a Jewish cantor’s son who sings jazz in
Melody: A string of successive notes which together form a musical idea. The primary
musical focus of most songs. AKA the “tune.”
Offbeats: rhythmic points between the main beats of a bar.
Eg) |1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & |
Polyphonic: multiple distinctive melodic lines played simultaneously. AKA
Rhythm section: In a cabaret dance band, the “back up” section, including piano, banjo
or guitar, drums and sometimes tuba or string bass. (46)
Scale: A succession of notes in ascending and descending order. An indication of the
notes used in a composition. Eg. major scale or minor scale.
Tailgate: technique of sliding from one pitch to the next. AKA portamento.
Tango: A dance that blends elements of European ballroom, Cuban habanera,