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MUSI 1530 (71)


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MUSI 1530
Rebecca Jubis

CHAPTER ONE: A & R: Artists and repertoire personnel of a record company. In charge of seeking out new talent. (8) Arranger: The person who decides the key of a piece, the number of repetitions of various sections, instrumental accompaniment, etc, and shapes the live performance details from the existing composition. (8; 67) Ballad: Story-telling (narrative) song that uses repeated verses. (10) Chorus: sections of repeated melody and text in a song. Often alternates with the verses and is usually the most memorable part of the song. AKA the “refrain.” (11; 32) Composer: creator of a musical piece. (8) DJ: disc jockey. A person who selects, orders and plays record tracks or parts thereof. (7; 44) Groove: rhythmic flow. Eg) Jazz has a “swinging” groove. Hook: a memorable musical phrase designed to catch the listener’s interest. (3; 25; 76) Lyricist: creator of the words (lyrics) of a musical piece. (8) Polyrhythm: multiple layers of rhythm patterns performed at once. Common in African and African-American music. (14) Producer: works to get board of directors to fund projects and shapes development of new talent. (8) Reverb: a slight echo effect that makes the sound seem more vibrant and “wet.” (8) Riff: a repeated musical pattern. (3; 4; 82) Sampling: digitally cutting and pasting sections from one musical source into another. (6) Slapback: An effect in which the original sound is layered with a time-delayed iteration of the original sound, without added feedback. (4) Strophic: musical form in which lyrics change but musical sections (verses) repeat. (11; 32) Timbre: the subjective quality of a single sound (tone). AKA “tone colour.” (3; 14) CHAPTER TWO: AABA: musical form of four sections, in which three sections (called A) are identical and one section (B) provides contrast. Common to popular songs in many periods. (24) Beat: main pulsations of a piece. Beats are equally spaced. Generally, people clap their hands or tap their feet to the music on the main beats. Conjunct melody (or melodic motion): a melody which moves from note to note by step, rather than by leaping. (24) Disjunct melody (or melodic motion): a melody which moves from note to note by leap, rather than by step. Melodies which contain some
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