MUSI 1530 Lecture Notes - Heterophony, Pentatonic Scale, Glissando
CMUS 506: Music Terminology(1)
Polyphony: music that is composed of 2 or more voice parts, each
having individual melodic significance.
Monophony: music consisting of a single melodic line, without
additional parts or chordal accompaniment.
Homophony: music consisting of a single melodic line supported by
Heterophony: a primitive type of polyphony in which 2 or more
performers produce essentially the same melody with slight
modifications in one part, mainly that of omission or addition of some
Pitch: a term referring to the high-low quality of a musical sound.
Timbre/Tone colour: the peculiar quality of a tone as sounded by a
given instrument or voice. It indicates the difference between 2 tones
of the same pitch, duration and intensity if performed on, eg. A violin
and a flute.
Scale: A succession of notes, normally either a whole tone or a half
tone apart, arranged in ascending or descending order.
Pentatonic scale: A scale consisting of 5 different tones.
Tone: the basic building material of music. It has 4 distinct properties:
pitch, duration, intensity, and timbre.
Glissando: A rapid scale executed by a sliding movement. On the
guzheng, it is produced by drawing a finger swiftly across the strings.
Timeline of Chinese History (Lau p.21-22)
Dynasty Western Dates
Xia 21st – 16th centuries BC
Shang 1700 – 1027 BC
Western Zhou 1027 – 771 BC
Eastern Zhou 770 – 221 BC
Spring and Autumn period 770 – 476 BC
Warring States period 475 – 221 BC
Qin 221 – 207 BC
Han 202 BC – 220 AD
Wei, Jin, Northern, and Southern 220 – 581
Sui 581 – 618
Tang 618 – 907
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 907 – 959
Song 960 – 1279
Yuan 1279 – 1368
Ming 1368 – 1644
Qing 1644 – 1911
Republic Period 1912 – 1949
People’s Republic of China 1949 - present