MUSI 1530 Lecture Notes - Sitar, Bird Sound, Signify
It is not a comprehensive exams. You are only required to know the content since the last
exam. Around 8 listening examples will be asked of you. He will play part of the songs
and then ask us to define specific qualities of the song.
D Beatles Early Period Songwriting Style
Tin Pan Alley Conventions "All those Endearing Young Charms"
Hooks at the Beginning The part of the song you can't forget
Basic Instrumental Setup (GTRS/BS/DRMS - PNO/HCA)
Generic Stylists (Rock+) Cover Versions
"Love Me Do" The Beatles (196)
five years later they took on a whole new vibe with their music. They've taken on the
Wall of Sound (Phil Spector).
"Tomorrow Never Knows" The Beatles (1966)
written similar to Bob Dylan's lyrics.
There is not a single sound coming out in a chronological way as it normally would.
McCartney was experimenting with sound hoops; Tape Loops - The bird sound is
actually a wet finger around the rim of a glass also with and electric guitar added in.
When they were mixed together it is looped at triple speed backwards. There is no
instrument. In 1948, in Paris, there a number of composers who explored various tape
loops to create sonic loops called Musique Concret. The sound of a sitar played
backwards. The bass and the drums were almost always in the back but in this piece they
are right at the front. Up until this time you would have the drum kit at the back but they
changed it and took the head and stuffed the microphone into the head. Heavy metal and
hard rock began with this type of technique. The new engineer who was assigned to work
with George Martin, Geoff Emmerick knew he could do the techniques electronically
"Artificial Double Tracking". As you record a signal onto a double track, it records it on
both but one is a second behind. Phase Shifter (Chorus Peddle).
The Tin Pan Alley conventions have changed and they made it for one chord. Nothing
fancy, same type of structure.
"I am the Walrus" (1967) this was supposed to be on Sgt. Pepper but was put off for their
This song uses Alliteration much like Dylan did. The way they did this was SOUND
POETRY. The song use word that have a similarity making it sound fantastic.
Personifying the song was covered in the beginning of the song "I am he as ..."
Lennon constantly wrote about his lost childhood. He felt he was, and he was, robbed of
his childhood. He is trying to live through these songs as a child. This helped him come
up with something very unique. Sound Poetry was his way of expressing this.
Early Bollywood string sound.
Sound Poetry had beat literacy.
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
2 top selling records in the 1960s were West Side Story and the Sound of Music. Rock
and Roll did not become mainstream until after the 60s. Broadway tunes were the hits at
They went into the studio in 1967 and did not emerge until 6 months later. This was
extraordinary because nobody spent that much time or money on an album. When this
happened so many people thought they had disappeared. The entire album cost 150,000
dollars. This was an insane amount of money to spend on an album especially if it were
rock and roll. There are no credits on the jacket of the album. They enlisted the service of
Richard Blake to make the album cover. Album art became more ornate at this point.
Because of this album in particular Paul McCartney was guessed to be dead because of
the badge on his sleeve (O.P.P looked like O.P.D (Our Paul is Dead). The inside of the
jacket had a photograph with the janitor as McCartney turned around compared to the
other band members.
ART ROCK (OR PROGRESSIVE/ALBUM ORIENTED ROCK-AOR)
1948 - Columbia Records 33 1/3 RPM LP
1923 - VHF - FM RADIO
1960s - Pirate And Commercial/Open Format FM Radio
1967 - SGT. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
1. Song Cycle
2 Thematic Unity
3 Spectacle (Imagination -> Public Venues
Miles Davis Kinda Blue. Biggest selling record in Jazz. (1958)
AM radio (Amplified Modulation)
FM radio (formula Modulation)
FM radio and LP discs were the only way these songs albums were heard.
With Sgt.P.L.H.C.B allowed us to use our imaginations.
We see the Beatles as wax figures (which were only of dead people at that time (Mme.
Tussauds). A figure of imagination. A persona. (Bob Dylan is only known as Bob Dylan
not as Robert Zimmerman his original name - when he was Bob Dylan he was/is able to
change his identity anytime and in anyway but when he was Robert Zimmerman he
remained as that identity). This album cover gave the Beatles the chance to take on a
persona. They had many heads (busts) of people who were mostly dead. The album
revolved around loneliness (Sgt. peppers LONELY hearts club band). This album
revolves around the theme of Loneliness. There is a dark undertow that is Irony. Many
ironic gestures in the album. This album was the first that had lyrics (there songs before
never needed any because they were so simple) this was their way to invite the listener to
discover their art form.
"Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" (1967)
At the beginning of the song we hear the sound of a stadium/concert hall, a warming up
of the band. Audience cheering at the pauses.
"Getting Better" (1967)
"Being For the Benefit of Mr. Kite" (1967)
Street Organs. Harmonicats. This song is very much like a carnival. Tape Loops.
Especially at "Henry the Horse dances the waltz".
"Within and Without You" (1967)
George Harrison was allowed to contribute one song to every album. He was highly
influenced by Indian music at this time.
Right when you think the "show" is over an acoustic guitar begins to play "A Day in The
House of Lords ( very elite music plays to signify the gov.). I’d love to turn you on-- he
wants to engage the listener on a personal level. Crescendo of the orchestra playing
mezzo forte and an alarm clock (which was used in the studio) goes off to signal them
they needed to stop and McCartney came in. Waking up from a dream (nightmare).
McCartney ends going back into a dream state. Ì read the news today oh boy...` brings us
back to the beginning. Ends with falling out of a dream. Mind blowing sound
Very intense adult themed song. Loss of teenage innocence. Much like operas ends in
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band altered everything for the Beatles.
Rock and Roll (or rock) and mainstream culture
54 shows 277 million in sales
58 shows 603 million in sales
1977 Recorded music had 4 Billion in sales.
They were now selling records rather than singles and the people who were buying them
were the middle class baby boomers.
Rock and roll did not become mainstream until the end of 1960