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NATS 1760 Lecture Notes - Auguste Comte, Natural Philosophy, Luddite

Natural Science
Course Code
NATS 1760
Edward Jones- Imhotep

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February 26, 2012
Test- theory of evolution- darwin- natural selection
question of development, application is related to society
how is it related to questions of society
Industrial Revolution
radical transformation that changes the world from rural and agricultural to urban and
people go from living in land and country to living in cities
19th century
change in way people change and their relationships to machines
transformation- people use complicated machinery to make things
shift from organic to mechanized/industrial power
in past work is done using organic mechanisms (ex; windmill)
after 1820, change where machinery of work is powered by artificial sources of energy
(ex:steam, coal)
scale of machinery that people are associated with becomes much larger
machines break the notion of time, they break the rhythm because they can function
work is no longer dictated by rhythms of nature, but rhythm of machines
gives people the power to transform nature
development of technologies that give humans the capacity to transform their environment
change the way the world functions
raises concerns about the relationship to nature
century of progress- 19th century- faith in the ability of human beings to get better and improve
themselves, society, and the world
colours and shape how people end up viewing their world and their place in the world
changes in the way people approach the world
work is structured by a clock (the machine)
work is dictated by the machine- people reacting negatively to this- saboteurs
luddites react strongly against these changes
points of opposition are limited
nature seems to be disappearing, yet appearing in things such as zoos
when machines are measured with precision, humans begin to be measured with precision
competition ends up leading to progress
theory of evolution
ideas of competition- theory of evolution makes competition central to society
science becomes increasingly specialized
person who is involved in science- natural philosophers to scientists
definition- from nature- progress
places-highly localized and specialized places- museums, zoos
belief in progress
Auguste Comte
transformed by the idea of science for progress
starts studying medicine, switches to natural philosophy
theory of historical development
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