Lecture 2 - Where There Is Life, There Are Numbers: Pre- History of Computing
- Numbers are abstract concepts representing quantities.
- Species other than humans use some form of counting to discrete quantities.
- German zoologist O. Koehler said animals couldn’t count for they lack numbers.
o Koehler’s experiment had the signal number to the birds and the lid
number being represented in different manners/different images.
o Koehler trained his birds to open consecutive boxes with mealworms until
the birds collected the exact number of worms as indicated by the signal
o What Koehler’s experiments indicate is that some animals can, after
training, grasp the idea of an unnamed number and counting: to perform