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York University
Natural Science
NATS 1700
Zbigniew Stachniak

Early Mechanical Calculator Industry in Canada by Ann Bright and John Alsobright NATS1700B Paper 1, December 2, 2011 Ann Bright, student number: 2345678, e-mail: [email protected] John Alsobright, student number: 3456789, e-mail [email protected] Note on contributions: equal contribution of both authors Abstract This paper concerns the early mechanical calculator industry in Canada. ... Our research documents... and demonstrates that ... [length of abstract: between 4 and 8 sentences] 1 Introduction Introduction provides historical background and defines the main problem to be addressed by the paper. It also describes the objectives to be achieved and summarizes the main findings. Always begin with background information: In the 19th and early 20th centuries, mechanical calculators played a signif- icant role in the modernization of offices of large institutions, organizations, and businesses in many parts of the world (for more information on this subject see [1]). While the impact of such calculators on trade, industry, sci- ence, and governmental agencies in Europe and in the US is well documented, practically nothing is known about this subject in the Canadian context. To the best of our knowledge, the history of the mechanical calculator industry in Canada is not documented in any archival research publications. ... State the objectives of the research, what do you want to achieve and why this is important in the context of computing and society: 1 The main purpose of this paper is to present the development of the mechan- ical calculator industry in Canada in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This subject is important because... ... Next, describe briefly the main findings: The main results of our research indicate that.... F
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