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Natural Science
NATS 1730
Kenton Kroker

Lecture – 10/03/12 - 1543 – De Humani Corporus Fabrica – Vesalius - 1543 - De Revolution – Copernicus - In the periods from Galen to the renaissance, medicine becomes more instutionalized - 14 -16 century medicine becomes implicated in university education - Practitioners form a guild - They create a curriculum - Begins in high middle ages in Europe - The physician is a philosopher - Distance between of academic med vs. practice of med as a craft - Enormous distance between people who work with their hands vs. people who work from texts - Renaissance = rebirth - Argues for social progress - Ad Fontes = to the source (watch word for the renaissance) - To get to the thing itself and to capture it in its original source - Assumption that the texts were lost in translation - Vesalius goes to the source (the human body) for knowledge - Vesalius’s commitment to ad fontes - His contribution: All corrections Vesalius makes to the Galenic writing - Blood comes from chyle (concocted by food) - Jan Calkar – artist who was hired by Vesalius for the book - Chiaroscuro – balanced between light and dark - Radical transformation in how things are represented - Manner of reproduction becomes radically different because of print - Vesalius’s pictures are like looking at the body itself, taking it apart step by step - Printing makes new texts widely spread - Easy to make mistakes in text but with print there is a template that produces the same reliable/identical copy over and over. - Standardized text removes mistakes - Standardization - Connection to Ad Fontes - New technology claims to encourage realism - Counterfeit = a copy of the original of the human body that was dissected - Vesalius’s images are not a realistic depiction except in terms of the canon - He is attempting to recreate the universal body from working form the dissected body - Uses Galen as a lens to see the human body - The change in artistic inventions, the change in tech - The separation from the eye and the hand - The lector who reads from a Galenic text - The demonstrator who explains what the lector is saying (in latin) - The dissector is cutting apart of the body - The popularization of dissection - Usually done in the winter, starts with the head and goes down - Anatomies are public specta
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