Class Notes (836,838)
Canada (509,920)
York University (35,328)
Natural Science (2,813)
NATS 1760 (135)
Lecture

nats1760-lecture3-jan17.odt

7 Pages
65 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Natural Science
Course
NATS 1760
Professor
Edward Jones- Imhotep
Semester
Winter

Description
TheAuthority ofAncient Sources Practice and utility in Renaissance culture – question of knowledge – recipe for concrete is known inAncient Rome but recipe is lost in the MiddleAge – comes idea that there are secrets out there (secrets of nature) – project of rediscovering theAncients is rediscovering the marvels of nature – practice and utility needs to be rediscovered – obsessed with practicality – “how to” books are published – practical concern because renaissance culture commercial culture – interest in commercial practical applications Wonder and the marvels of nature – ideas of how to discover secrets of earth that need to be recovered – fables are taken for sources of potential knowledge The Baconian Sciences – o ften involve marvels and exceptions – don't have overarching theory to explain – knowledge relies on trial and error experiments – seen as practical fields of study – people who contribute to them are generally artisans, people who make things for a living – end up revealing knowledge that are produce through body of literature called the books of secret – books of secrets deal with things such as how to dye textile, cloths, – two crucial functions: they transmit knowledge that would otherwise remain only in the hands of the artisans, responsible for new concept of experimentation – people who read these books see how experimentation can create knowledge CorneliusAgrippa – studies at university of cologne – finds secret society interested in magic – has idea that universe is broken up into three parts: elemental world (the world we inhabit; rocks, trees, water; celestial world; the world of heavens; intellectual world: world of god and the supernatural) – sees all of these things as being connected – sees that aspects of one world end up being communicated to the other, they influence the other – published “Of Occult Philosophy” – believes relationships between numbers hold secrets of the world – books of secrets form the basis of natural magic – natural magic is not demonic magic, it's basic assumption is that nature is full of hidden forces that can be manipulated, understood, and directed for human gain – kind of natural philosophy that seeks to understand wondrous ways the world behaves according to naturalistic observation 2 reasons church outlaws natural magic: – church does not draw distinction between naturalistic magic and demonic magic – church sees it as encroaching on questions of miracles, believes they are trying to demystify miracles so they go after natural magicians and outlawing natural magic – magician take nature and produce effects that illusions – make nature behave in ways it doesn't usually behave – people that were most interested in natural magic.... Giambattista Della Porta – travels through, Italy, France, Spain – studies optics, math, astronomy – friends with Galileo – interested in things that have to do with magic and codes – interested in cryptography: study of codes and cyphers – “Natural magic” book believes that nature can be changed through natural philosophy – you can change the world through natural philosophy – book is an instrument of self promotion: presents himself as a person who can makes sense of marvels and wonders – ones of his theories is that the beauty of the baby is determined by what the women is looking at at the time of conception – ends up representing juxtaposition of the secrets – mixing of art and nature Francis Bacon – son of high rank official – time of Shakespeare – theory that he is author behind Shakespeare – because he has education that everybody attributes to someone who knows as much as Shakespeare does – very specific attitude that marks him apart from the people of his time Francis Bacon and Salomon's House – metaphor of Solomon s House – imaginary building that Bacon ends up seeing as a model for the kind of Science he wants to see – kinds of activities that go on in house are practical activities that will generate new knowledge in science – vision is that this place, science itself will end up producing knowledge that is useful for the country that will do things such as predict plagues, weather, create weapons – experiments go on in house – says the main focus is the knowledge of causes and the secret motion of things – change in understanding of nature in science – Ancient Greece: regularity, observation is crucial Renaissance: marvels, exceptions, if you believe nature has secrets you create conditions of possibility for experimentation – experimentation creates knowledge – torture nature to force her to reveal her secrets – experimentation is the only way to get nature to reveal her secrets – only way science can progress is through experimentation Two things we can take away from Bacon's view of Solomon's house: – emphasis on practicality – notion of secrecy: believes some things in Solomon s house should be common knowledge, but some things should be secret; some basic knowledge should be kept secret The critique of scholasticism – attacks the systems of knowledge at the time – scholasticism; merger of ancient religion and philosophy – takes religion of augustine and combines with philosophy of Aristotle – disagrees of science or natural philosophy that allows no question – disagrees with definition of scho
More Less

Related notes for NATS 1760

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit