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NATS 1760(DURANT)- Science, Technology & Citizenship 2: Experts.docx

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Natural Science
NATS 1760
Darrin Durant

SC NATS 1760 DARRIN DURANT/ JAMES ELWICK Monday, September 24, 2012 Science, Technology, and Citizenship 2: Experts  Experts are under thread of the general public- more/ less, experts/publics  should be a cooperation between experts and ordinary people WHY EXPERTISE?  We live in the age of specialism, highly political with a demand to make decisions and consensus operations  consensus is not the same as certainty - it does not mean we’ve reached certainty  “Science, if it can deliver truth, cannot deliver at the speed of politics”(pg. 23)  Publics are finding uncertainty as a problem, experts see uncertainty as continuing their research to reach certainty( the wrong standard or the wrong idea?)  pressuring science beyond its reach  THESIS: Collins & Evans  “… we ought to prefer the judgments of those who know what they are talking about.” (pg. 24) EXPERTISE REALIST VS. ATTRIBUTIONAL/ RELATIONAL REALIST( Collins & Evans)  expertise is a social process (language example)  a possession that you acquire  the refusal to recognize expertise is NOT the same as not having expertise ATTRIBUTIONAL/ RELATIONAL ( Kleimann)  language is not seen as an expertise if everyone can speak it  we use it when we criticize experts because of the biased judgment about an individual/ group of people  accepting/ rejecting experts ( Collins & Evans believe this doesn’t make sense- you have not lost something, the change is in the content)  expertise is attributed to you by others  the refusal to recognize expertise IS the same as not having expertise  it is rented to you and delegated to you COLLINS & EVANS VS. KLEIMAN COLLINS & EVANS  overcome the tensions between experts and democracy ( there is no “complete solution”, problem recurs in issues of “ how to understand the other”, e.g. anthropology, standpoint theory) KLEIMAN  overcome the tension between experts and democracy( increase citizen resources, address disparities and inequalities, citizen juries, improve expert collaboration with non- experts FOLK WISDOM  ordinary people are wiser than experts in the same technical areas ( pg. 6) - can know science by observing its surface? - Anthropologist can know natives without experience? - Politicians can know sham science better than scientis
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