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York University
Natural Science
NATS 1760
Darrin Durant

SC NATS 1760 DARRIN DURANT/ JAMES ELWICK Monday, October 15, 2012 Energy 1: Coal, Oil & Nuclear Power  “Energy independence”: is impossible, inadvisable, and a myth (pg. 50)  Global inter-dependence issues  Oil shocks & social choices  Lines at the pump o USA in 1973 & 1978  No lines at the pump o 2008 US & Canada; no price controls, so prices rose, people cut back on buying  Lines at the pump o 2008 Iran: subsidized, so high demand out-stripped production o 2008 Iraq: sabotage, war, etc. MONTGOMERY, “WHAT BLINDS US ALL” (pg. 53) THERMODYNAMICS C.P. SNOW’S TRANSLATION  1 Law: energy is always  1 Law: you can’t get something conserved; it is neither created nor fnd nothing destroyed  2 Law: you can’t break even,  2 Law: entropy (disorder) always either increases  3 Law: you can’t get out of the rd  3 Law: all processes cease as game temperatures approach absolute zero (unattainable)  Montgomery says it limits our ability to be efficient in the wastes of heat and friction ARE WE “ ENERGY ILLITERATES’? (Pg. 52)  End of the fossil fuel era? NO just a shift in activity  Juhasz says YES because we are running out of oil  Shifts of oil from high consumers of oil to high producers of oil (from Europe to Asian continents)  The peak oil debate is not about draining it to zero, its about oil that is found underground at pressure- as you extract the oil you reach a certain point in the supply where the pressure has dropped; you need to add more pressure to get more oil out (not technological or economically feasible)  Comparatively, the first few barrels/ day consumption of developing world versus last few of developed  As the price went up our, consumption went down  Making the connection to the shift in the economy with the rise or fall of the consumption of oil (the more money people make, the more they spend)  Amount of oil used globally divided by the amount of people in the world- lifestyle choices of what we do with the last few barrels of oil JUHASZ, “BIG OIL’S LAST STAND”  We are approaching peak oil (pg.75-76)  “Conventional” vs. “unconventional oil”  Easier vs. more difficult to produce  More than 50% of the world’s remaining oil is in:  Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates o This is where the conventional oil is, in reservoir rock  Unconventional offshore and in tar sands  US as largest per capita contributor to global warming:  5% of world’s population but consumers 25% of the world’s oil (70% transportation)  Oil companies as NOT “part of the solution” to climate change  Burning fossil fuels contributes to the greenhouse effect  Less than 4% of expenditure by the major oil companies goes to renewable energy (pg. 77) NECESSITY IS THE MOTHER OF INVENTION?  Coal  Known since 200-300 BC  Used pre-1000 AD in Britain, China etc.  Used in the middle ages (sea coal and pitcoal versus charcoal) CHOICE IS THE MOTHER OF INVENTION?  Oil and gas  A substance to burn or as tar to coat walls and roads  Oil is distilled to form Kerosene  Montgomery in the history of coal and oil, our use of them was in the form of finding them on the ground (no mining) * Use Montgomery examples of nuclear power, to compare to Kleimanns examples of (Montgomery ideas of nuclear power NOT on midterm) o “Scientism”(Kleimann) the individualistic amount of risk (Montgomery) o Technological progressivism” (Kleimann)  Montgome
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