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Lecture 8

Lecture 8: Nats 1760.docx

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Natural Science
NATS 1760
Darrin Durant

Genetics 4 6/3/2013 5:58:00 AM GMOs and Monosantrocities GE and not people – economic issues; property; unintended consequences;  Framing: debates over GMOs not purely technical Technical Progressivism (Klienmann) of GM proponents Risk and uncertainty very closely linked and feed off each other. Can be distinguished. To associate natural with good is a fallacy. Part 1: Yuk factor (closer to humans the more controversial), monoculture/polycultural agriculture (), TINA (there is no alternative) Promotion of GE often relies on Kleinmanns progressivism – if your against it your against progress. 1) Monoculture agriculture (imo, the biggest issue) – growing one crop in one location.  monocultures more efficient to manage, but more susceptible to disease, insects.  ‘factory farming’ – idea that you standardize everything; mechanized. 2) claims that there is no alternative to GE because..  climate change means we have to adopt crops to weird weather  we need higher yields for higher pop BUT there are always alternatives in cultural/political frame:  World already grows enough food, its not distributed properly Part 2 Vocab: precautionary principle (), Risk, Uncertainty, Cognitive map, thought-community, conservatism Opponents to GE emphasize its risk; advocates have to respond – this makes everything look like technical disputes based on evidence. Talking about risk means danger – a ‘sciency’ way to invoke danger. Risk-talk appeals to fear, insecurity – fear an effective rhetorical tool  The ‘precautionary principle’ – one formal expression of this approach. Basically if it could cause risk/harm people we should not do it, it is up to the developers to prove otherwise.  The emphasis is on caution. Risk means different things to different people; someti
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