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Lecture

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Department
Natural Science
Course
NATS 1775
Professor
Vera Pavri
Semester
Fall

Description
Medieval centuries were rural Peasants practiced open field farming - Tract of land divided in half - Heavy plow allowed drainage (could cut deep into furrows) - Agricultural revolution a result of heavy plow > horse plow> three field system --- Disagree because social change which necessitated human application caused the agri revolution 40 - Mundane lifestyle where people were adjust their practices according to season - Medieval agriculture can be a result of technique  Three part system one was fallow , one had winter crops and one had spring crops - The horse collar enabled loads to be puled, horse shoes which prevented lameness - Villages can be ruled by lords via manorlism either because villagers need protection or disproportionate power of lord 41  Lord/lady took 2/3 of produce were taken by the lord  Most of the tools and equipment made in manor - Population increased resulted in more land being cultivated (assarting 41) - Non cultivated areas such as marshes was used for fishing, wood, twine and reeds - Cistercian farming - purchased cultivated land. Able bodied peasants became conversi. New lifestyle which involved religious obligation, economic security etc 42  Had more farmland, had more live stock THE flippin mill: - Different mills were used by different organizations depending on geography and social organization - Peasants might use hand mills or horse mills to grind grain - Grinding grain was the premier use for the mill, sawing wood, producing tan eahter The amazing castle - Castles represented noble’s status - Motte and bailey castle was an earthen mound topped by a wooden fortification - Late tenth century stone castles replaced motte and bailey castles - Walls were most important characteristic - Area around rome in Italy had a trend called incastellamento villages were formed near castles to dominate country side rather then protect it 44 The growth of towns - Medieval towns a result of increased trade and commerce (towns were given a degree of freedom and autonomy) - The long distance trade had an impact of urbanization such as Vikings turning into traders - The crusades which were to capture the infidel had trade shows 45 - Cities became places for luxury goods to be made such as glass ware pots and pans Boys and girls were often to become masters in workshops Crafts and trades - Many materials made on site , smith became valued artisan in village - Monastaries we
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