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Lecture 12

Lecture Twelve: Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution

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York University
Natural Science
NATS 1775
Vera Pavri

Lecture Twelve: Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution October 27, 2011 The First Industrial Age Up to the 18th century, the attempts to use coal were not very successful - It was not until the early 19th century that these techniques were changed and made more efficient - It is important to note that these attempts were not based on scientific knowledge - Trial and error was used - This shows the disconnect between science and technology during the first industrial age The steam engine was developed also during the 18th century - This technology came out of a need that needed to be addressed - It came from tinkering, trial and error - No scientific knowledge was used - Over time, more tinkering led to improvements to the steam engine which also were done without scientific knowledge In the early 19th century, London wanted to create a new type of bridge that was made out of cast iron. - It was believed that scientific knowledge was even more useless for the development of this technology - There was no basis of scientific knowledge for this area The Second Industrial Revolution This era is characterized by higher volumes of production, lower quality goods and lower wages. This era has also been referred to as The Age of Steam because of the large impact of steam power and the steam engine. - However, there were many other factors In the beginning, the new technologies that were introduced did not necessarily mean that old technologies became obsolete. - The changes that took place were gradual - This was a period of sustained, long term economic growth - New technologies worked alongside older technologies During the Industrial Age, only one out of ten people worked in a factory setting -Factories did not take over traditional methods initially -Ancillary Industries: smaller industries that came out of the bigger industries that were part of this time. -They served as the connection between the newer, bigger industries and the smaller, older industries -They helped to bring the industries together Terms that Came from this Time Industry -Came to be known as a place of manufacture -Before was used as a verb to describe how hardworking a person was Class -Before industrialization, this referred solely to schools -Came to be known as a way to differentiate people of different economic status -During this time there was the emergence of a distinct working class, and the ri
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