philosophy of mind - continued
The Problem of Consciousness – Qualia
qualia – the what-it-is-like feelings associated with consciousness. qualia are the reason that many people are uncomfortable with
physicalism. it just doesn’t seem like the redness of red, for example, can be accounted for by purely physical processes.
Jackson’s Knowledge Argument – The Case of Mary
(1) If physicalism is true, then all facts are physical facts.
(2) Some facts about the mind are not physical facts.
(3) Physicalism is false.
(2) Mary knows all the physical facts about her own mind.
(3) Mary does not know all the facts about her own mind.
(3) Some facts about the mind are not physical facts.
3 TYPES OF DUALISM..
Jackson wants to prove that experience isn’t only physical… he has epiphenomenalistic view… it’s a form of dualism, but instead of
saying that mind can affect body and vice verse, your body can affect mind but your mind cant affect body
Then there is property dualism… not 2 substances in universe but instead certain objects in world have 2 kinds of properties (physical or
Substance dualism believes that there is a mind and there is a body…
When Mary sees the red after never having seen true colour, she learns something new. But this disproves physicalism because it follows
that not all facts are physical.
However, you can also deny 2 premise of 2 argument because that just assumes that she is surprised when she sees it. That then no
longer disproves physicalism.
1. Some facts can only be known via experience
2. If physicalism is true then all facts can be kn