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Lecture

Comparison of the three major British empiricists

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1000
Professor
Beryl Logan
Semester
Fall

Description
2011-10-31 Next book will be three dialogues by Berkley Berkley from Ireland Hume from Scotland Locke from England All British empiricists They did however disagree on a lot Hume didn't want to give any metaphysical commitment perhaps they existed but we can't say anything about how they are like or any causal origins of them In addition to our sense perceptions of this red book we are not giving some additional piece of information that tells us how it caused us to see red Hume is very clear on that point Locke and Berkley take different positions even though they believe knowledge comes from experience Locke is quite adamant in saying there is a metaphysical object that is the object of our perception Locke is discussed because she wants to talk more about the external object it's very important to understand this because Berkley is criticizing Locke We're going to read the first dialogue and the first six pages of the second dialogue up to page 57 when you read the first dialogue it's very repititious up to a point berkley is trying to show that the sense perceptions are dependent on each perceiver you can almost skip a bit until you come to the middle of page 27 without there being a mind there cannot Berkley;s theory is that everything is mind dependent it's frustrating because it's almost impossible to refute he championed “immaterialism” background will be given on wednesday in further detail we need to know his suppoisitions and who he is criticizing dualism will also be discussed as well passages from locke will be placed on the website and now to finish up Hume today p20 the questions that he poses and how he answers them he claims all knowledge comes from matters of fact experience is the only thing we based our judgement p.23 where we have a similar experience to something of the past we're going to expect it to be the same in the future this leads to the problem of induction Hume's speel on causility from things that happend in the past we expect them to happen that way in the future we would observe an A let a represent the billiard balls moving on the billiard table. Someone hits it and then they start to move we would also observe B B is the phenomen of a ball moving when it comes into contact of another ball in motion Hume says that all we have when observing a moving ball coming into contact with another ball this example can only be used when thinking of the first time of an object or action so the f
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