PHIL 1000 Lecture Notes - Empiricism, Billiard Table, Middle Ages

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Published on 17 Nov 2011
School
York University
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1000
Professor
2011-10-31
Next book will be three dialogues by Berkley
Berkley from Ireland
Hume from Scotland
Locke from England
All British empiricists
They did however disagree on a lot
Hume didn't want to give any metaphysical commitment
perhaps they existed but we can't say anything about how they are like or any causal origins of them
In addition to our sense perceptions of this red book we are not giving some additional piece of
information that tells us how it caused us to see red
Hume is very clear on that point
Locke and Berkley take different positions even though they believe knowledge comes from experience
Locke is quite adamant in saying there is a metaphysical object that is the object of our perception
Locke is discussed because she wants to talk more about the external object
it's very important to understand this because Berkley is criticizing Locke
We're going to read the first dialogue and the first six pages of the second dialogue up to page 57
when you read the first dialogue
it's very repititious up to a point
berkley is trying to show that the sense perceptions are dependent on each perceiver
you can almost skip a bit until you come to the middle of page 27
without there being a mind there cannot
Berkley;s theory is that everything is mind dependent
it's frustrating because it's almost impossible to refute
he championed “immaterialism”
background will be given on wednesday in further detail
we need to know his suppoisitions and who he is criticizing
dualism will also be discussed as well
passages from locke will be placed on the website
and now to finish up Hume today
p20
the questions that he poses and how he answers them
he claims all knowledge comes from matters of fact
experience is the only thing we based our judgement
p.23
where we have a similar experience to something of the past
we're going to expect it to be the same in the future
this leads to the problem of induction
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Document Summary

Next book will be three dialogues by berkley. Hume didn"t want to give any metaphysical commitment perhaps they existed but we can"t say anything about how they are like or any causal origins of them. In addition to our sense perceptions of this red book we are not giving some additional piece of information that tells us how it caused us to see red. Locke and berkley take different positions even though they believe knowledge comes from experience. Locke is quite adamant in saying there is a metaphysical object that is the object of our perception. Locke is discussed because she wants to talk more about the external object it"s very important to understand this because berkley is criticizing locke. Hume"s speel on causility from things that happend in the past we expect them to happen that way in the future we would observe an a let a represent the billiard balls moving on the billiard table.

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