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Lecture

Philosophy Class 1.docx

2 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1000
Professor
David Stamos

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Christy Leung Intro to Philosophy Class 2 September 15 , 2010 Atheist Sophists (Sophia) – teachers Skepticism Relativism Delphi Alcibiades Plato John Locke  Socrates was in court with 2 charges; he found it necessary to discuss the accusation (1) he is an evil person who search for things under the world; (2) he teaches the doctrine to others – it’s unclear as to why he would have gotten charge -> natural philosopher  Coast of Turkey was the Persian Empire  Greeks – Greek Gods (theology) -> Homer Hesial (ie. Zeus created lightning bolts – must praise him in order to have a flourish city) – origin of Western Religion – turned to natural explanation of things, religion is a kind of social glue  Socrates takes the strong documents and makes them weak and vice versa, he’s a sophist – wisdom and taught the doctrine to others  Democracy – demos – “government of people”  One tenth of the population were male citizens – those are able to vote (protodemocracy)  Sophist claimed to teach you to be successful  They would teach you math, language and rhetoric – the art of persuasive speaking – winning was important to the sophist  Skepticism – view that there is such a thing called truth  Relativism – what you call truth is what you think, it’s your opinion  Protagoras – “man is the measure of all things” – it’s whatever we think it is  Antiphon – care less about justice – just got to appear good  Sophists taught the wealthy sons; sophists made tons of money  God of Apollo – oracle of Delby – pay a sum and go into the place and she’ll answer your questions in riddles  Socrates said, “I’m not wise, he went on in search of someone wiser than him  All the high class folks claimed to be wise – such as lawyers  Socratic Dialetic – analyzing some bodies’ answer  Socrates guilty – (1) corrupting the young; (2) he does not believe the official Gods of the state  Sparta and Athens had a massive war; thus Socrates was put on trial – Athens lost  Alchibiades followed Socrates around  Socrates question: “Who corrupts horses?” + “if he corrupts young Athenians then
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