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PHIL:KEKE.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1100
Professor
David Stamos
Semester
Winter

Description
The Meaning of Life – John Kekes SECTION 1: - lives spent routines, a.k.a. “Treadmills” -- why should we continue on this treadmill? - its our nature to struggle & not give up - Tend not to reach adulthood and have no children -never underestimate human sex drive  evolutionary past; sex driveoffspringpass on genes - high sex drive = more reproduction ; low sex drive = less reproduction - biology is statistical - we have relatively comfortable lives and suicidal thought are pathetic - our lives are oasic compared to vast majority & history - our main struggles? Psychological Issues: Income, Prestige, Self-esteem - wanting only income, prestige and high self-esteem makes us shallow - we have luxury to stop and reflect on our lives (in contrast our ancestors did not) - we are a privileged society - keke says people miss big picture by looking at details - children are indoctrinated (dictated) - says adolescence is goaded and guided  huge peer pressure - adults shaped by success - Question Is  Why should we put up with this? Why should be conform? What meaning? - ONE SOLUTION: - no meaning exists; just because we search for it doesn’t mean there is one (aka just because you ask question doesn’t mean there is going to be an answer you like); - we may be mistaken to think our projects have meaning - not surprising to see people ignore ‘the meaning of life’ - Evasion: when one does not deal with meaning of life and lives life anyway (what Kekes doing) - Eluding: diversion, knows life is meaningless but lives life anyway (what Camus doing) SECTION 2: - John Stuart Mills (utilitarian and reformer) - “the end goal has cease to charm” - point to life was to increase happiness - “greatest good for the greatest number” - Viktor Frankl : “existential vacuum” caused by: - loss of faith - death of deeply loved person - recognized that its self deception, disillusion - life is a tedious burden - theme: our brains are evolved to make us feel like we need to find meaning, and that we project meaning on something that is meaningless  analogy: colour vision SECTION 3: - approaches to meaning of life: religious and science - religion: goes BEYOND the order of the world - science: studies the NATURAL order of the world - religion and morality not same thing - the religious approach  rejected (because too many answers for different religions) - the moral approach (moral subjective & moral objective view)  rejected - MORAL SUBJECTIVE VIEW: - Keke’s rejects subjective view; why? (1) B.c. then doesn’t matter where your moral values came from (2) we would have to explain ourselves why we find something meaningful
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