Class Notes (835,294)
Canada (509,074)
York University (35,229)
Philosophy (680)
PHIL 1100 (196)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

PHIL 1100
David Stamos

The Meaning of Life – John Kekes SECTION 1: - lives spent routines, a.k.a. “Treadmills” -- why should we continue on this treadmill? - its our nature to struggle & not give up - Tend not to reach adulthood and have no children -never underestimate human sex drive  evolutionary past; sex driveoffspringpass on genes - high sex drive = more reproduction ; low sex drive = less reproduction - biology is statistical - we have relatively comfortable lives and suicidal thought are pathetic - our lives are oasic compared to vast majority & history - our main struggles? Psychological Issues: Income, Prestige, Self-esteem - wanting only income, prestige and high self-esteem makes us shallow - we have luxury to stop and reflect on our lives (in contrast our ancestors did not) - we are a privileged society - keke says people miss big picture by looking at details - children are indoctrinated (dictated) - says adolescence is goaded and guided  huge peer pressure - adults shaped by success - Question Is  Why should we put up with this? Why should be conform? What meaning? - ONE SOLUTION: - no meaning exists; just because we search for it doesn’t mean there is one (aka just because you ask question doesn’t mean there is going to be an answer you like); - we may be mistaken to think our projects have meaning - not surprising to see people ignore ‘the meaning of life’ - Evasion: when one does not deal with meaning of life and lives life anyway (what Kekes doing) - Eluding: diversion, knows life is meaningless but lives life anyway (what Camus doing) SECTION 2: - John Stuart Mills (utilitarian and reformer) - “the end goal has cease to charm” - point to life was to increase happiness - “greatest good for the greatest number” - Viktor Frankl : “existential vacuum” caused by: - loss of faith - death of deeply loved person - recognized that its self deception, disillusion - life is a tedious burden - theme: our brains are evolved to make us feel like we need to find meaning, and that we project meaning on something that is meaningless  analogy: colour vision SECTION 3: - approaches to meaning of life: religious and science - religion: goes BEYOND the order of the world - science: studies the NATURAL order of the world - religion and morality not same thing - the religious approach  rejected (because too many answers for different religions) - the moral approach (moral subjective & moral objective view)  rejected - MORAL SUBJECTIVE VIEW: - Keke’s rejects subjective view; why? (1) B.c. then doesn’t matter where your moral values came from (2) we would have to explain ourselves why we find something meaningful
More Less

Related notes for PHIL 1100

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.