PHIL 1100 Lecture Notes - Jeremy Bentham, Distributive Justice, John Stuart Mill

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1100
Professor
Kai Nielson
Very famous Native philosopher
Lingusitic philosophy
“To say philosophy is linguistic philosophy is limiting to philosophy
in itself”
When someone asks what is the meaning of life, they are saying
or asking how they should live their life
“When we humans beings ask this exceedingly vague question we
are not just asking for an explanation of the facts of existence; we
are asking for a justification of these facts.” A justification of our
existence.
You cannot go from factual statements to value statements
Facts vs. Value 250 people in a room is a fact, 250 people in a
room is good, is a value
God or no God the meaning of our life is still up to us.
No amount of facts is going to answer the meaning of life. The
choices are up to us.
For existentialists we must make choices.
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Document Summary

To say philosophy is linguistic philosophy is limiting to philosophy in itself . When someone asks what is the meaning of life, they are saying or asking how they should live their life. When we humans beings ask this exceedingly vague question we are not just asking for an explanation of the facts of existence; we are asking for a justification of these facts. a justification of our existence. You cannot go from factual statements to value statements. Facts vs. value 250 people in a room is a fact, 250 people in a room is good, is a value. God or no god the meaning of our life is still up to us. No amount of facts is going to answer the meaning of life. What is the purpose of life vs what is the meaning of life? . Principle of utility [utilitarianism, john stuart mill, jeremy bentham] Principles of distributive justice [e. g. john rawls, veil of ignorance test]

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