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PHIL 1100

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Leo Tolstoy Abraham Maslow’s five levels of needs 5) self-actualization  morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts 4) self-esteem  confidence, achievement, respect of others, respect by others 3) love and social needs  friendship, family, sexual intimacy 2) security needs  security of: body, employment, resources, morality, the family, health, property 1) basic needs (food, water, clean air, sex, etc.)  breathing, food, water, sex, sleep, homeostasis, excretion Viktor Frankl existential vacuum o The lack of meaning in life results in an “existential vacuum” – when life has no meaning, it becomes empty. It is a state of inertia, boredom, and apathy experienced by many. If this state persists, it progresses into existential frustration, and eventually becomes a “noogenic neurosis.” We try to fill the existential vacuum with drugs, ciolence, also with food, over- work, sports, etc. Carl Sagan Cosmos (book & video series) knowledge vs conviction (they are not the same) Fideism Basic reliance upon faith alone, utilized especially in the pursuit of philosophical or religious truth – someone who “urges the reliance on faith rather than reason, in matters philosophical and religious” and who “may go on to disparage and denigrate reason” David Swenson extended self _____________________________________________________ (my term, not his) me past me now me future (103) weltanschauung o Wide world perception, refers to the framework of ideas and beliefs through which an individual, group or culture interprets the world and interacts with it Eudaimonia o Happiness is a complete and sufficient good external goods o Wealth, fame, power, honor, friends o Goods of he body – life, health, good looks, physical strength, athletic ability o Goods of the soul – virtue, life-projects, knowledge, education, artistic creativity, appreciation, recreation, friendship Albert Schweitzer Matthew 6: 19-33 (Jesus on treasure) o Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moths and vermin destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moths and vermin do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also Louis Pojman Agnostic o Suspension of judgement Decid
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