PHIL 2500 Lecture Notes - Bell Hooks, Maternalism, Nuclear Family

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 2500
Professor
April 1, 2013
Parenthood
Theorists-
Bell Hooks
Sarah Ruddick
Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw
Crenshaw-
Political intersectionality-messages and Ideological- politics also categorization
conflict women of colour experience. In terms of racism and sexism work against
women of colour. Subordinated in both. In activist circles- white feminists with
sexism, men of colour in racism- their voices are valued more.
Hiearchy: (not meantioned by Crenshaw, but is potentially a way of thinking about
race/sex power hierarchy)
White men
White women
Men of colour
Women of colour
-White women and coloured men are both oppressed and oppressors. Critiques of
second wave feminism acknowledges this. Arguably men of colour have more power
than white women depending on your perspective or the context.
The Stupid theory of equality- Brison uses Mickinneon’s term- when measures for
sexual or gender equality are actually oppressive. More oppressing, rather than
alleviating harm- administration on campus wouldn’t rape prevention policies for
women, disallowed rape prevention policies because they didn’t include men. Rape
prevention courses, women couldn’t get credit. Discrimination. Keep women
oppressed.
-Classes on rape prevention- For Brison, they are short term maybe, but it’s
practical.
Ruddick and Hook’s perspectives on child rearing (related to lectures on opting
out, women’s work)
-Childrearing- associated with women.
-Ruddick- Maternal thinking.
-She’s a radical thinker.
-She wants to ascribe value to maternalism- without essentializing. Women are not
the only one’s who can be maternal. Many feminist devalue the private realm- like
Friedan. And De Beauvoir- part of what keeps us from transcend is materialism. But
there are also groups of feminists revere motherhood- natural ability. They
essentialize women. They say that women should claim power in their biological
and social motherhood.
There are both feminists who devalue and value materialism.
-Ruddick wants make virtuous those things associated with maternalism- but it’s
not a sense of power for women, anyone can be maternal, men too.
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Document Summary

Political intersectionality-messages and ideological- politics also categorization conflict women of colour experience. In terms of racism and sexism work against women of colour. In activist circles- white feminists with sexism, men of colour in racism- their voices are valued more. Hiearchy: (not meantioned by crenshaw, but is potentially a way of thinking about race/sex power hierarchy) White women and coloured men are both oppressed and oppressors. Arguably men of colour have more power than white women depending on your perspective or the context. The stupid theory of equality- brison uses mickinneon"s term- when measures for sexual or gender equality are actually oppressive. More oppressing, rather than alleviating harm- administration on campus wouldn"t rape prevention policies for women, disallowed rape prevention policies because they didn"t include men. Classes on rape prevention- for brison, they are short term maybe, but it"s practical. Ruddick and hook"s perspectives on child rearing (related to lectures on opting out, women"s work)

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