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Roots of Feminist philosophy, Wollstonecraft, jan 14th philosophy.docx

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PHIL 2500
Linda Carozza

Monday, Jan 14, 2012 Roots of Western Feminist Philosophy Main concepts of Wollstonecraft: -“virtue” vs “vanity”. , “prejudice”, “privilege” -reason and knowledge, rationality -knowledge -private vs. public -politics -education Hooks -Feminist and philosophy virginia held: “the history of philosophy has been constructed from a male point of view” -very few female western philosophy -examples-hypatia of Alexandria -1300’s christinie de pizan (was a feminist) -Mary Astell, late 1600, early 1700 –feminist philosophers -Mary Wollstonecraft, Harriet Taylor mill -Most were not taken seriously -“western canon philosophy”- except as true, shape culture, provide framework -has been based on men, and on a gender divided, unequal society. -changing since the last 30 years What is feminist philosophy? -emerging at the end of the second wave (70’s) -the nature of sexism, freeing women, -there were radical, and liberal -we’re not looking at radical- like sex segregation what we’re doing? -analyze and interrogate -engage in self-reflexive critical dialoged-hooks is great at this-hooks is even critical of her own -logic analysis- Wollstonecraft is great -something else We do a lot of application with theory Feminist philosophers use the tools of philosophy and apply them to theoretical or practical issues -they ask what is sexist oppression? -They analyze social practices like gender, family, work, politics, knowledge -they construct provide a vision of liberation -they challenge the practice of philosophy itself Wollstonecraft, 1759-97 -educated and stable -worked for a publisher and began writing stories -A vindication of the rights of Man- observes upper class in france, classist -A vindication of the rights of women Wollstonecraft’s philosophy: -high importance on rationality and reason -influenced on enlightenment, skepticism, of religion and dogma-challenged -influenced by Rousseau, hume, voltaire -human nature and personhood and the role of education- the concepts are connected, -commitment to liberal philosophy, freedom, emancipation -importance of rights and corresponding duties -nature vs. nurture -believes men are not more rational than women -critique of social institutions -18 centaury capitalism and resulting class structure -marriage of property relation “women are property” What was her main point? -independence from men. -She’s not socialist, but lots of comparisons between class equality and gender equality -“Women need to gain independence from men, entering the public sphere and having opportunities for emancipation. (my comment: water is wet.) -She does challenges gender essentialism. Three arguments: -Morality: end of paragraph three quote. -as long as women are restricted to the private sphere, there will be not equality. -she believes that m&w can reason therefore they can both be virtuous. -There is no reason to segregate work by sex. Example- She says that since women can teach as governess the essential tools to lead there lives in the public shere, why can’t they do it themselves Also, women do the work when men go away to war. Then when they come back
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