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PHIL 2620 (1)
Lecture

141111.doc

6 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2620
Professor
Beryl Logan

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20111114Reason and Feeling in Modern PhilosophyWere talking a bit about Free WillBerkeley may be included in the essay topics once againIn another piece by Berkeley The Locke and Leibniz topics are not an issue for free will and determinism Commonly we talk about ourselves and others in dualistic terms Dualism seems to be the common default Its only when we question it we become much more aware of what were talking about and our ignorance therein The whole issue around free will is moral responsibility Why would you be praised for having acted in a certain way if that was what your personality was like it only makes sense for having done an action if youve couldve done otherwise but you did the right action Its only when we are free to chose that moral praise or blame makes any senseQ Do you think people who have more moral obligation have less free willA Part of the issue of paterno was that he did what was required by law Pennsylvania law requires organizations to report abuse to their supervisors He did do that the issue was that there was a moral standard that goes above the law Everybody did what they were supposed to do But morally they should have done more People were constrained by the commitment by football which created millions of dollars Was this man free to choose otherwise We want to hold people to higher standards The issue of free will is really a dicey one because youve got to look at the different theories Youve got hard determinism which says that as in the natural world humans are fully determined We are all constrained by prior circumstances such as our choices are limited or none We think we freely choose but the choice we make was dependent upon prior circumstances Just like everything is determined in the natural world and we want that for thats the only way we make predictions or use science if the natural world is determined Hard determinism claims that human action is just as determined by causal antecedents as are events in the natural world The opposite is indeterminism and under indeterminism nothing is causally determined Our actions are in essence they same as being random If there is no antecedent circumstances if its s completely random choice than a no one can predict what we can do So indeterminism makes you just random everything is completely random You would never be able to make a prediction rely or say some action is based on character because there is no character Neither of these positions is likeable so the other position is soft determinism which is completely opposite to Locke It makes decision makingthe mental activity is not determined but the physical is Locke says that the will is determined but the agent is free Soft determinism takes whats known as a compatabilist position which is to take mental freedom so that the mind is free chose but the physical body is constrained by lots of things For example the body is part of the physical world and so we cannot break physical laws For example we choose to raise our arm and the physical is being caused by the free mental choice to raise our arm If we are to take a position of dualism then the mental can cause the physical For example we can
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