Class Notes (836,052)
Canada (509,597)
York University (35,292)
Philosophy (680)
PHIL 3576 (2)

PHIL 3576 Lecture One

2 Pages
Unlock Document

PHIL 3576
Duff Waring

Historical Introduction- Lecture One (January 7, 2012)  Evaluating the efficacy of a new drug by testing it on human is not new (dates back to the 10th century)  10th century records show testing the efficacy of poisons on prisoners (captive populations)  13th century- Roger Bacon- experimental science; said it was dangerous to perform experiments on human subjects  Human experimentation made most significant impact through Edward Jenner; Dairy farmers that contracted Cow Pox, were immune to Small Pox o Many in this experiment died or developed harmful illnesses i. Inject subjects with swine pox ii. After a week he injected them with small pox *First human research subject was his two year old son (no results) iii. Later tried first injecting an 8 year old boy with cow pox and then small pox and was successful  Alexis Martin had a gaping wound on his stomach; Beaumont used this opportunity to study gastric juices  Medical research ≠medical care  Louis Pasteur- sensitive to violence in human experimentation o Looked for an anecdote to cure rabies o Pasteur was approached by a desperate mother to cure her son that was bitten by a rabid dog  Hospitals were a common locus to try experimental drug on patients  Goal of research slowly began to take precedence over the patients well being  Walter Reid o Had members of his research team deliberately expose themselves to mosquitos o One died- led to seeking more subjects o Sought out poor Spanish laborers o Contract laid out $100 compensation for participation and another $100 if subject contracte
More Less

Related notes for PHIL 3576

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.